Chapter 3. Suffixes - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3. Suffixes - Medical Terms Deck (100):
1

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

2

achondroplasia

inherited disorder of cartilage formation in the fetus leading to dwarfism

3

acromegaly

excessive enlargement of the limbs (extremities) due to thickening of bones and soft tissues; caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland

4

acrophobia

fear of heights

5

acute

having severe symptoms and a short course illness

6

adenoids

small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal passageway

7

adipose

pertaining to fat

8

agoraphobia

fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder

9

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and the fetus

10

anemia

blood condition of reduced oxygen delivery to tissues because of low hemoglobin concentration or deficiency of red blood cells

11

angiogenesis

formation of blood vessels

12

angiography

process of recording blood vessels using contrast and x-rays

13

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel by inserting a tube and balloon inside an artery to enlarge the opening

14

arteriole

small artery

15

arteriosclerosis

hardening of an artery by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls

16

arthralgia

joint pain

17

atrophy

decrease in size of normally developed organ or tissue of the body; wasting away

18

axillary

pertaining to the under arm or armpit

19

basophil

a granular leukocyte with an irregularly shaped nucleus and cytoplasm containing blue granules

20

biopsy

removal and microscopic examination of living tissue, often to determine whether a tumor is benign or malignant

21

blepharoptosis

sagging or drooping eyelid

22

bronchitis

inflammation of bronchial tubes

23

carcinogenesis

formation or production of cancer

24

carcinogenic

pertaining to producing cancer

25

cardiomyopathy

disease of heart muscle

26

chemotherapy

treatment using drugs

27

chondromalacia

softening of cartliage

28

chronic

pertaining to a long time

29

colostomy

new opening of the colon to the outside of the body

30

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

31

electroencephalogram

record of the electricity in the brain

32

electrocephalograph

an instrument used to record the electricity in the brain

33

electronencephalography

process of recording the electricity in the brain

34

eosinophil

a granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with eosin (a reddish dye)

35

erythrocyte

red blood cell

36

erythropenia

deficiency of red blood cells

37

esophagus

tube leading from the throat to the stomach

38

hematoma

mass or collection of blood, bruise

39

hemolysis

destruction of red blood cells

40

hemostasis

to stop or control the escape of blood by artificial means or by clotting

41

hydronephrosis

abnormal condition of fluid build up in the kidney; caused by an obstruction to the flow of urine

42

hydrotherapy

treatment using water; whirlpool baths

43

hypertrophy

increase in size of muscle or organ produced by enlargement of existing cells

44

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

45

ischemia

condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue

46

laparoscope

instrument used to visually examine the abdomen

47

laparoscopy

process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen using an endoscope

48

laparotomy

incision through the abdominal wall

49

laryngeal

pertaining to the larynx or voice box

50

laryngectomy

removal of the larynx or voice box

51

leukemia

malignant condition of white blood cells, increased numbers of immature leukocytes and decreased erythrocytes and platelets

52

leukocytosis

condition of slight increase in normal white blood cells or a response to infection or inflammation

53

lymphocyte

white blood cell found in blood and lymphatic tissue; fights disease by making antibodies or killing cells chemically or by injection

54

mammogram

x-ray record of the breast

55

mastectomy

removal of a breast

56

metastasis

spread of a malignant tumor from its original location to a new or distant location

57

monocyte

white blood cells with one large nucleus

58

nucoid

resembling mucus

59

myalgia

muscle pain

60

myelogram

x-ray record of the spinal cord

61

myeloma

malignant tumor of bone marrow

62

myoma

tumor of muscle

63

myosarcoma

malignant tumor of muscle tissue, a type of flesh (sarc) tissue

64

necropsy

viewing of a dead body; autopsy

65

necrosis

condition of death of cells

66

necrotic

pertaining to death of cells

67

nephrologist

a specialist in the study of the kidney

68

nephropathy

disease of the kidney

69

neuralgia

nerve pain

70

neutropenia

deficiency of neutrophils (white blood cells that fight disease)

71

neutrophil

a type of while blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with neutral dye

72

opthalmology

study of the eye and eye disorders

73

osteogenic

pertaining to produced in or by bone

74

osteomalacia

softening of bones

75

otalgia

ear pain

76

paracentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from a cavity such as the abdomen

77

pathogenesis

development of disease

78

pathologic

pertaining to the study of disease

79

pericardium

membrane surrounding the heart

80

peritoneal

pertaining to the peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)

81

peritoneoscopy

process of visually examining the peritoneum and pleuroperitoneal cavity

82

phlebotomy

incision of a vein for the removal of blood

83

platelet

thrombocyte

84

pleurodynia

pain associated with the pleura

85

pneumonia

condition of the lungs; fluid and foreign organisms collect in the lungs

86

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

white blood cell with multi-lobe nucleus and dark-staining granules; disease fighting cells

87

ptosis

prolapse, drooping, sagging of the upper eyelid

88

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

89

radiographer

one who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures

90

radiotherapy

treatment using radiation, high-energy x-rays, and other radiation sources

91

rectocele

hernia of the rectum

92

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

93

staphylococci

berry or spherical shaped bacterium that form clusters

94

streptococcus

berry or spherical shaped bacterium that form twisted chained with other similar bacteria

95

thoracentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

96

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets of clotting cells)

97

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein associated with a formation of a thrombus or clot

98

tonsilitis

inflammation of tonsils

99

tracheostomy

a surgical created opening from the trachea (windpipe) to the outside of the body

100

venule

a small vein

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