Chapter 2. Body as a Whole - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2. Body as a Whole - Medical Terms Deck (77)
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1

abdomen

area of the body between the chest and the pelvis region

2

abdominal cavity

area of the body between the chest and pelvis (hip region)

3

adipose

pertaining to fat

4

anabolism

process of building up or synthesizing substances (such as proteins) in a cell

5

anterior

pertaining to the front of a structure

6

cartilage

elastic, connective tissue found at joints, within the trachea and larynx, and connected to ribs, nose, and ear

7

catabolism

cellular process of breaking down of a complex substance into simple compounds, energy is released to do the work of the cell

8

caudal

pertaining to tail, or to the lower portion of the body; also means away from the head or below another structure

9

cell membrane

thin and delicate structure surrounding a cell, allows materials to pass in and out

10

cephalic

pertaining to the head, also means above another structure

11

cervical

pertaining to the neck of the body or lower neck-line portion of the uterus

12

chondroma

tumor (benign) of cartilage

13

chrondrosarcoma

malignant, cancerous tumor of cartilage

14

chromosome

threadlike structure within the nucleus of a cell, contains genetic material (DNA)

15

coccygeal

pertaining to the tailbone or coccyx

16

coccyx

tailbone at the end of the spinal or vertebral column

17

cranial cavity

pertaining to the space within the skull containing the brain and pituitary gland

18

craniotomy

incision of the skull

19

cytoplasm

all of the substance of a cell other than the nucleus

20

deep

away from the surface of the body or an organ

21

diaphragm

muscular wall separating the chest and the abdomen

22

disk (disc)

circular platelike structure composed of cartilage

23

distal

pertaining to far from the beginning of a structure

24

dorsal

pertaining to the back, or posterior portion of the body

25

epigastric region

the upper middle region of the abdomen, between the right and left hypochondriac regions

26

epithelial cells

cells arranged in layers and covering or lining a surface of the body

27

frontal plane

a vertical plane passing through the body and dividing it into the front and back portions, coronal plane

28

genes

segments of DNA that determine hereditary characteristics

29

histology

study of tissues

30

hypochondriac region

an upper abdominal area on either side of the epigastric (middle) region beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs

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