Chapter 11: The Civil War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: The Civil War Deck (27):

Emancipation Proclamation

An executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all regions behind confederate lines


Fort Sumter

The site upon which the shots that started the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861


Habeas corpus

A court order requiring authorities to bring a a prisoner before the court so that the court can determine wether or not the prisoner was detained legally



Northern democrats who advocated making peace with the Confederates during the war



The drafting of citizens for military service


Anaconda Plan

An outline strategy for subduing the seceding states in the American Civil War.


Bull Run

It was the first major battle of the American Civil War. Confederate victory.


Stonewall Jackson

Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee.


George McCellan

George Brinton McClellan was a major general during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864, who later served as Governor of New Jersey. Defeated several times by Lee.


Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States. In 1865, as commanding general, Grant led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.



A major two-day battle where the Confederates won the first day and the Union won the second. It is a major turning point for the Union in the civil war.


David G. Farragut

David Glasgow Farragut was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. He was the first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy.



Union ironclad warship. This 172-foot “Yankee Cheese Box on a raft,” with its water-level decks and armoured revolving gun turret, represented an entirely new concept of naval design.



It was a northern-built conventional steam warship that had been salvaged by the Confederates from the Norfolk navy yard and rechristened the Virginia.


Robert E. Lee

An American soldier best known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.


Emancipation proclamation

It was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, as a war measure during the American Civil War, directed to all of the areas in rebellion and all segments of the executive branch (including the Army and Navy) of the United States.


Habeas corpus

A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.



Northern democrats that wanted peace with the south. Lincoln said that they were beyond peace with the south and threw these people in jail until the war was over.



Compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces. It's the draft.


Fort Pillow

The Battle of Fort Pillow, also known as the Fort Pillow Massacre, was fought on April 12, 1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee, during the American Civil War.


Income tax

Tax levied by a government directly on income, especially an annual tax on personal income.


Clara Barton

A US nurse who started the American Red Cross in 1881. She was its first president until 1904. Barton, who had earlier been a teacher, became a nurse for Union soldiers during the Civil War and was known as 'the Angel of the Battlefield'.



A village of southwest-central Georgia north-northeast of Americus. Its notorious Confederate prison, where more than 12,000 soldiers died during the Civil War, is now a national historic site.



An important battle of the Civil War, fought in Virginia in 1863. The South, led by Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, defeated a larger northern army, but Jackson was accidentally shot and killed by his own men after the battle. Smooth.



This was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War.


William Tecumseh Sherman

He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War, for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States.


Appomattox Court House

Fought on the morning of April 9, 1865, was the final engagement of Confederate States Army General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, and one of the last battles of the American Civil War.