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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (12):
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Ellis Island

Island where European immigrants were checked for illnesses and diseases before coming into the US

1

Angel Island

Asians, mainly Chinese, immigrants passed through this Island to be checked for disease and illnesses

2

Melting pot

A mixture of people from different cultures and races who blend together by abandoning their native cultures and languages

3

Nativism

Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people

4

Chinese Exclusion Act

a law, enacted in 1882, that prohibited all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials from entering the US.

5

Gentlemen's Agreement

A 1907/1908 agreement by the government of Japan to limit Japanese immigration to the US

6

The Americanization Movement

is the process of which an immigrant assimilates into American society, adopting American views, beliefs, values, and just about everything else while still keeping old foods and religions. In the early 1910’s, Americanization was a requirement by law in 30+ states. There were various programs promoting it, as well.

7

Tenements

a room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments.

8

Mass transit

public transportation, especially in an urban area. Buses, light rails, trains, all of them are a part of the mass transit system

9

Social gospel movement

is a Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada.

10

Settlement houses

an institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.

11

Jane Addams

was a pioneer American settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. Go her.