Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (25):
The stamp act
Required colonists to purchase special stamp paper for any legal documents, licenses, and pretty much anything that can't be found at a grocery store.
Tax reached into every colonial pocket and created unrest.
Powerful political activist and one of the SONS OF LIBERTY
The Townsend acts
An indirect tax on anything imported from Britain. Posed extra tax on tea.
Pissed off a whole bunch of colonial people.
The Boston Massacre
A fight over jobs. There were shots fired by Britain and killed three, wounded two.
Sparked tension between British and colonists.
Committees of Correspondence
Communication between colonies about the British. It's a club and only the colonists can join. No Britain allowed.
Created communication network between colonist leaders.
Second continental congress
Group of people who agreed on becoming independent colonies.
When Americans finally said "yeah, let's do it brah"
Beginning of revolution and independence.
Olive Branch Petition
Congress sent petition to King George to return England and the colonies to their former harmony.
The king said a solid "fuck no"
Last effort at peace before the colonies left.
Thomas Payne wrote a 50-page hate letter to king George saying why they're declaring independence
Had a lot of supporters
Committee wanted him to write out their ideas and that became the Declaration of Independence
Well, he wrote the Declaration of Independence
Deceleration of independence
The document the Thomas Jefferson made for the patriots.
People have the right to abolish any government that threatens their natural rights.
It's the declaration of independence. It's pretty damn important
The Boston Tea Party
Boston rebels disguised as Indians dumped tea into the Boston harbor.
It was an act of defiance and England shuts down the Boston Harbor as a result.
Kind George III
King of England and the biggest dick in the revolution
He sent in troops into colonies and set taxes and laws into place.
Parliament passed a bunch of acts as a result of the Boston tea party
They shut down the Boston harbor
General Gage became the governor of Massachusetts.
Housed redcoats in civilian homes.
Rules and laws imposed by military forces.
As a result, the colonists formed the first congress and it made them even MORE pissed.
They are supporters of the British monarchy, usually live on the outskirts of big cities and in the south. Believe that British rule was a source of gain for them.
This is the main colonial support system for the British during the revolutionary war.
The continental Army's camp during the winter in Philadelphia. It was downright shitty during the winter. And it just all around sucked.
This was when the continental army unified, when they had to suffer through the winter in this forge. Oh, George Washington included.
A town in New Jersey the people marched through through the snow, sleet, and hail. Again, it sucked.
Warranted for more determination on the Revolutionist's parts.
Where the revolutionary troops surrounded Burgoyne and he surrendered his army to General Gates.
This is a turning point for the war and is one of the reasons why we won because it drew in the attention of other potential allies (first battle won by us).
More money printed = less value. Prices rise.
This was an attempt to pay for the costs do war, since financing the war was near impossible.
Selling scarce goods for a profit. Lots of government officials did this.
Prompts prices to rise more than they already have.
Fredrick Von Steuben
Prussian captain who offered his services to Washington, making soldiers out of regular citizens
So this whips the continental army into shape and now they're more or less competent.
Marquis de Lafayette
French military leader who offered his assistance to the Americans.
He brings a lot of new ideas and battle steadies to the revolutionary roundtable.
Did not, in fact, sell corn. He was a British military leader that hoped to take the south.
He was unsuccessful and his defeat resulted in the end of the war.
It was the place where the continental army drove the British to the shores, where the French were waiting for them.
The British surrendered and the Americans won the war.