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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (25):
0

The stamp act

Required colonists to purchase special stamp paper for any legal documents, licenses, and pretty much anything that can't be found at a grocery store.
PE
Tax reached into every colonial pocket and created unrest.

1

Samuel Adams

Powerful political activist and one of the SONS OF LIBERTY
SPIE

2

The Townsend acts

An indirect tax on anything imported from Britain. Posed extra tax on tea.
PE
Pissed off a whole bunch of colonial people.

3

The Boston Massacre

A fight over jobs. There were shots fired by Britain and killed three, wounded two.
SPE
Sparked tension between British and colonists.

4

Committees of Correspondence

Communication between colonies about the British. It's a club and only the colonists can join. No Britain allowed.
SPI
Created communication network between colonist leaders.

5

Second continental congress

Group of people who agreed on becoming independent colonies.
SPE
When Americans finally said "yeah, let's do it brah"
Beginning of revolution and independence.

6

Olive Branch Petition

Congress sent petition to King George to return England and the colonies to their former harmony.
The king said a solid "fuck no"
P
Last effort at peace before the colonies left.

7

Common sense

Thomas Payne wrote a 50-page hate letter to king George saying why they're declaring independence
SPI
Had a lot of supporters

8

Thomas Jefferson

Committee wanted him to write out their ideas and that became the Declaration of Independence
P
Well, he wrote the Declaration of Independence

9

Deceleration of independence

The document the Thomas Jefferson made for the patriots.
People have the right to abolish any government that threatens their natural rights.
SPIE
It's the declaration of independence. It's pretty damn important

10

The Boston Tea Party

SPE
Boston rebels disguised as Indians dumped tea into the Boston harbor.
It was an act of defiance and England shuts down the Boston Harbor as a result.

11

Kind George III

SPE
King of England and the biggest dick in the revolution
He sent in troops into colonies and set taxes and laws into place.

12

Intolerable acts

SPE
Parliament passed a bunch of acts as a result of the Boston tea party
They shut down the Boston harbor
General Gage became the governor of Massachusetts.
Housed redcoats in civilian homes.

13

Martial law

SP
Rules and laws imposed by military forces.
As a result, the colonists formed the first congress and it made them even MORE pissed.

14

Loyalists

They are supporters of the British monarchy, usually live on the outskirts of big cities and in the south. Believe that British rule was a source of gain for them.
SPE
This is the main colonial support system for the British during the revolutionary war.

15

Valley forge

The continental Army's camp during the winter in Philadelphia. It was downright shitty during the winter. And it just all around sucked.
PSE
This was when the continental army unified, when they had to suffer through the winter in this forge. Oh, George Washington included.

16

Trenton

A town in New Jersey the people marched through through the snow, sleet, and hail. Again, it sucked.
PS
Warranted for more determination on the Revolutionist's parts.

17

Saratoga

Where the revolutionary troops surrounded Burgoyne and he surrendered his army to General Gates.
This is a turning point for the war and is one of the reasons why we won because it drew in the attention of other potential allies (first battle won by us).
SPI

18

Inflation

More money printed = less value. Prices rise.
PE
This was an attempt to pay for the costs do war, since financing the war was near impossible.

19

Profiteering

Selling scarce goods for a profit. Lots of government officials did this.
SpE
Prompts prices to rise more than they already have.

20

Fredrick Von Steuben

Prussian captain who offered his services to Washington, making soldiers out of regular citizens
SPI
So this whips the continental army into shape and now they're more or less competent.

21

Marquis de Lafayette

French military leader who offered his assistance to the Americans.
SPI
He brings a lot of new ideas and battle steadies to the revolutionary roundtable.

22

Charles Cornwallis

Did not, in fact, sell corn. He was a British military leader that hoped to take the south.
SPE
He was unsuccessful and his defeat resulted in the end of the war.

23

Yorktown

It was the place where the continental army drove the British to the shores, where the French were waiting for them.
SPI
The British surrendered and the Americans won the war.

24

Egalitarianism

The belief that all people were equal.
SPIRE
This is a main foundation of America and it later leads to a bunch of new challenges.