Chapter 3: The Colonies Come Of Age Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: The Colonies Come Of Age Deck (24):
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Mercantilism

S E





Definition: Mercantile practices or spirit; commercialism. Little supply and a great rush to get the most of it first

Significance: This inspires the British to maintain their colonies because if they own the cash crop then they get the cash

1

Parliament

S P E

Definition: Legislative body of England

Significance: Parliament were the people who approved and put the Navigation Acts into action

2

Navigation Acts

S P E

Definition:A series of laws enacted by parliament, beginning in 1615 to tighten England's control of trade in its American Colonies

Significance: The colonists are restricted from trading with non-English countries and the colonists saw this as a restriction, thus stirring a subtle rebellion

3

Dominion of New England

S P R E

Definition: Administrative union of English colonies in New England

Significance: England wanted to group colonies to stop the self government, but later ended in rebellion

4

Sir Edmund Andros

S P

Definition: English administrator who attempted to publicize colonial independence

Significance: He angered Puritians, unfairly raised taxes, and restricted local assemblies

5

Glorious Revolution

S P R E

Definition: The transfer of the British monarchy from James II to William and Mary in 1688-1689

Significance: The British did this to appease the Catholics, but in the meantime Massachusetts colonists staged a bloodless rebellion

6

Salutary Neglect

S P E

Definition: English policy of relaxing their enforcement on their colonies in return for the financial support they gave

Significance: The colonies develop self rule and begin to disregard the English, demeaning their rule over them

7

Cash Crop

S E

Definition: A crop grown by a farmer for sale, rather than for a personal use

Significance: The cash crops imported heaps of income, making the economy skyrocket

8

Slaves

S P E

Definition: People who were considered the property of others

Significance: The concept of slavery became the spark of the Civil War later in history

9

Triangular Trade

S E

Definition: The transatlantic system of trade in which goods and people were traded between Africa, England, Europe, and North America

Significance: This route brought great financial wealth to the receiving end of the trade

10

Middle Passage

S E

Definition: The voyage that brought enslaved Africans to North America

Significance: The slaves were treated harshly, which opened a ethical topic of debate

11

Stono Rebellion

S P

Definition: A 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already strict slave laws

Significance: The ethical questions were raised with the continued harsh treatment of the slaves

12

Enlightenment

S P I T E

Definition: 18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge

Significance: With a new way of thinking, new inventions were being created and improving society

13

Benjamin Franklin

I

Definition: Man who discovered electricty

Significance: Brings electricity to homes during this time

14

Jonathan Edwards

S P R I

Definition: Man who wanted to go back to the purity of the original Puritan beliefs

Significance: He led the Puritans to voice their opinion, eventually moving to create their own state

15

The Great Awaking

S R

Definition: Revival of religious feeling in the American colonies during the 1730s and the 1750s

Significance: This spurs religious emotion and ethics that later play a key part in the formation and rebellion

16

New France

S P E

Definition: French colony in the Americas

Significance: Lays a starting line for conflict between the English and the French

17

George Washington

S P

Definition: First president of the United States, British army man who led a rebellion and was denied from joining the British army

Significance: His standings with Britain resinated with the denial of acceptance into the British army, later fueling a full-scale rebellion

18

French Indian War

S P

Definition: Conflict in 1754-1763 between Britain and France that spread worldwide

Significance: Builds tension and 'bad blood' between Britain and France

19

William Pitt

S P I

Definition: British leader that proceeded in many winning battles against France

Significance: This gave Britain the upper hand against France

20

Pontiac

S P

Definition: Indian man who he and his tribe sided with France during the French Indian war

Significance: This gave France a ally in the war against Britain

21

Proclamation of 1763 (Treaty of Paris)

S P

Definition: Order from Britain stating that prohibited American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains

Significance: This angered the colonists,giving them another reason to rebel

22

George Grenville

S P

Definition: Britain who pushed the sugar act, angering American merchants

Significance: Another reason for America to rebel

23

Sugar Act

S P E

Definition: Trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to reduce smuggling in the British colonies

Significance: The act angered the colonists even more, directing their hate toward Britain