Chapter 4: The War for Independence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: The War for Independence Deck (15):
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Boston Tea Party

S P E

Definition: The English colonists throw tea into the Boston Harbor
The Parliament let tea be brought over on the colonists tax dollars, they cut the merchants out of the deal. Colonists made their own tea. Colonists had to pay taxes as British natives did not.

Significance: This was the start of a revolution among the colonists

1

King George III

S P E

Definition: He was the king of England during this time

Significance: He sent British soldiers to Boston and imposed taxes upon the colonists

2

Intolerable Acts

S P E

Definition: The Parliament passed a series of acts that were unfair to colonists. It shut down Boston Harbor. Made the Quartering act, martial law was instated

Significance: Fueled the thought for the revolution

3

Martial Law

S P

Definition: Law instating military forces as government officials

Significance: This helped the creation of the Continental congress and made the colonists angry

4

Minutemen

S P

Definition: Civilian soldiers who stockpiled weapons and ammunition

Significance: They fought the British at Lexington and Concord

5

Stamp Act

P E

Definition: It required colonists to purchase required stamped paper for every legal document license, newspaper, pamphlet, and imposed special stamp duties on packages of playing cards and dice

Significance: This angered the colonists, because this tax took a lot of money out of their pockets

6

Samuel Adams

S P I

Definition: One of the founders sons of liberty, powerful and influential public activist

Significance: He inspired many people to rebel and a strong revolutionist

7

Townsheud Acts

E

Definition: An indirect tax from anything imported from England

Significance: Brought more money to the English and away from Colonists

8

Boston Massacure

S P E

Definition: The British attack on innocent Colonists over availability of jobs

Significance: Sparked tension between the British and the Colonists

9

Committees of Correspondence

S P E

Definition: Communicate to other colonies about threats to American liberties

Significance: Formed a communication network between colonies

10

Second Continental Congress

S P E

Definition: Agreed on becoming independent colonies

Significane: It is a start of America becoming independent

11

Olive Branch Petition

P

Definition: Congress sent this to King George wanting to return to former harmorny. King shut it down

Significance: This was the last straw before the colonies became independent

12

Common Sense

S P I

Definition: The Pamphlet where Thomas Payne attacked King George with reason why colonists declared independence

Significance: This amassed a lot of revoluntists, making them unite

13

Thomas Jefferson

P

Definition: Appointed him to write the committees reasoning for independence

Significance: developing into the declaration of independence

14

Delectation of Independence

S P I E

Definition: natural rights to life, liberty and property, and the pre suit of happiness.

Significance: People have the right to alter or abolish any government that threatens their natural right. All men are created equal