Flashcards in Chapter 10: The Union in Peril Deck (28):
An amendment to an 1856 military appropriation bill, proposing that none of the territory acquired in the war with Mexico would be open to slavery
The formal withdrawal of a state from the Union
Compromise of 1850
Compromise made by Henry Clay to appease the slave and non slave states
System in which the residents vote to decide an issue
Stephen A. Douglas
Man who introduced resolutions one at a time, so congressmen could vote based on their opinion
President after Taylor, he supported the Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
A law enacted as a part of the Compromise of 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned to bondage
Personal liberty laws
Statues, passed in nine Northern states in the 1850s, that forbade the imprisonment of runaway slaves and guaranteed jury trials for fugitive slaves
A system of routes along which runaway slaves were helped to escape to Canada or another safe place
Woman who was born a slave, later escaped from slavery and became a conductor of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist who published Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Best selling novel published in 1852, that portrayed slavery as a great and moral evil
A law, enacted in 1854, that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide wether to allow slavery
Slave who believed that it was his calling to rebel against slavery. He was the leader of the Pottawatomie Massacre
Name applied to the Kansas Territory in the years before the civil war, when the territory battleground between proslavery and antislavery forces
14th President of the United States, whose inability to calm tensions over slavery kept the country on the path to the Civil War.
The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
U.S. political party that flourished in the 1850s. It was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic sentiment that started to manifest itself during the 1840s.
They opposed slavery in the new territories and sometimes worked to remove existing laws that discriminated against freed African Americans in states like Ohio.
It was composed mainly of northerners from both major parties of the time, the Democrats and the Whigs, with some former Know-Nothings as well. It's one of the two major political parties today and they typically hold conservative views.
John C. Frémont
(or Fremont) was an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the US president.
15th President of the United States, serving immediately prior to the Civil War. He is the only president from Pennsylvania. (And the only president to remain a lifelong bachelor)
An enslaved African American man in the United States who sued for his freedom and that of his wife and their two daughters in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857 (popularly known as the "Dred Scott Decision")
Roger B. Taney
fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. He was the eleventh United States Attorney General. Covered the Dred Scott Decision.
The 16th president, served during the civil war. He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. And, contrary to common belief, only hunted vampires in his free time.
The Freeport Doctrine was articulated by Stephen A. Douglas at the second of the Lincoln-Douglas debates on August 27, 1858, in Freeport, Illinois.
A ferry situated at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers where Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia meet. It is the easternmost town in West Virginia.