Chapter 10: The Union in Peril Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: The Union in Peril Deck (28):

Wilmot Proviso

An amendment to an 1856 military appropriation bill, proposing that none of the territory acquired in the war with Mexico would be open to slavery



The formal withdrawal of a state from the Union


Compromise of 1850

Compromise made by Henry Clay to appease the slave and non slave states


Popular sovereignty

System in which the residents vote to decide an issue


Stephen A. Douglas

Man who introduced resolutions one at a time, so congressmen could vote based on their opinion


Millard Fillmore

President after Taylor, he supported the Compromise of 1850


Fugitive Slave Act

A law enacted as a part of the Compromise of 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned to bondage


Personal liberty laws

Statues, passed in nine Northern states in the 1850s, that forbade the imprisonment of runaway slaves and guaranteed jury trials for fugitive slaves


Underground Railroad

A system of routes along which runaway slaves were helped to escape to Canada or another safe place


Harriet Tubman

Woman who was born a slave, later escaped from slavery and became a conductor of the Underground Railroad


Harriet Beecher Stowe

Abolitionist who published Uncle Tom's Cabin


Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Best selling novel published in 1852, that portrayed slavery as a great and moral evil


Kansas-Nebraska Act

A law, enacted in 1854, that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide wether to allow slavery


John Brown

Slave who believed that it was his calling to rebel against slavery. He was the leader of the Pottawatomie Massacre


Bleeding Kansas

Name applied to the Kansas Territory in the years before the civil war, when the territory battleground between proslavery and antislavery forces


Franklin Pierce

14th President of the United States, whose inability to calm tensions over slavery kept the country on the path to the Civil War.



The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.


Know-Nothing Party

U.S. political party that flourished in the 1850s. It was an outgrowth of the strong anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic sentiment that started to manifest itself during the 1840s.


Free-Soil Party

They opposed slavery in the new territories and sometimes worked to remove existing laws that discriminated against freed African Americans in states like Ohio.


Republican Party

It was composed mainly of northerners from both major parties of the time, the Democrats and the Whigs, with some former Know-Nothings as well. It's one of the two major political parties today and they typically hold conservative views.


John C. Frémont

(or Fremont) was an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the US president.


James Buchanan

15th President of the United States, serving immediately prior to the Civil War. He is the only president from Pennsylvania. (And the only president to remain a lifelong bachelor)


Dred Scott

An enslaved African American man in the United States who sued for his freedom and that of his wife and their two daughters in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857 (popularly known as the "Dred Scott Decision")
It failed.


Roger B. Taney

fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. He was the eleventh United States Attorney General. Covered the Dred Scott Decision.


Abraham Lincoln

The 16th president, served during the civil war. He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. And, contrary to common belief, only hunted vampires in his free time.


Freeport Doctrine

The Freeport Doctrine was articulated by Stephen A. Douglas at the second of the Lincoln-Douglas debates on August 27, 1858, in Freeport, Illinois.


Harpers Ferry

A ferry situated at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers where Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia meet. It is the easternmost town in West Virginia.


Jefferson Davis

Formally the senator of Mississippi, he was the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, 1861 to 1865.