Chapter 11-The Muscular System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11-The Muscular System Deck (19)
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1

The subdivision of the female or male perineum that contains the anus

Anal triangle

2

A muscle that has an action opposite of that of the prime mover (agonist) and yields to the movement of the prime mover

Antagonist

3

Nearer to or at the front of the boy. Equivalent to the ventral in bipeds

Anterior

4

The abdomen. The gaster or prominent, fleshy part of a skeletal muscle

Belly

5

The tendon of the soleus, gastrocnemius, and plantaris muscles at the back of the heel. Also called the Achilles tendon

Calcaneal tendon

6

Away from the surface of the body or an organ

Deep

7

Movement in which a part of the body moves inferiorly

Depression

8

Any partition that separates one area from another, especially the dome-shaped skeletal muscle between the thoracic and abdominal cavities. Also a dome-shaped device that is place over the cervix, usually with a spermicide, to prevent conception

Diaphragm

9

Movement in which a part of the body moves superiorly

Elevation

10

An oblique passageway in the anterior abdominal wall just superior and parallel to the medial half of the inguinal ligament that transmits the spermatic cord and ilioinguinal nerve in the male and round ligament of the uterus and ilioinguinal nerve in the female

Inguinal canal

11

The attachment of a muscle tendon to a movable bone or the end opposite the origin

Insertion

12

Between two structures, one of which is a medial and one of which is lateral

Intermediate

13

Farther from the midline of the body or a structure

Lateral

14

The attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone or the end opposite the insertion

Origin

15

The pelvic floor; the space between the anus and the scrotum in the male and between the anus and the vulva in the female

Perineum

16

The muscle directly responsible for producing a desired motion. Also called an agonist

Prime mover

17

A triangular opening in the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle that represents the termination of the inguinal canal

Superficial inguinal ring

18

Toward the head or upper part of a structure

Superior

19

The region of the pelvic floor inferior to the pubic symphysis bounded by the pubic symphysis and the ischial tuberosities, and containing the external genitalia

Urogential triangle