Chapter 9-Joints Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9-Joints Deck (53)
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1

Movement away from the midline of the body

Abduction

2

A slightly movable joint, in which the articulating bony surfaces are separated by fibrous connective tissue or fibrocartilage to which both are attached; types are syndesmosis and symphysis

Amphiarthrosis

3

Inflammation of a joint

Arthritis

4

The study or description of joints

Arthrology

5

Surgical replacement of joints, for example, the hip and knee joints

Arthroplasty

6

A procedure for examining the interior of a joint, usually the knee, by inserting an arthroscope into a small incision; used to determine extent of damage, remove torn cartilage, repair cruciate ligaments, and obtain samples for analysis.

Arthroscopy

7

A joint or articulation

Arthrosis

8

Sleevelike structure around a synovial joint composed of a fibrous capsule and a synovial membrane

Articular capsule

9

Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces

Articular cartilage

10

Fibrocartilage pad between articular surfaces of the bones of some synovial joints. Also called a meniscus

Articular disc

11

A joint; a point of contact between two bones, cartilage and bones, or teeth and bones

Articulation

12

A synovial joint in which the rounded surface of one bone moves within a cup-shaped depression or socket of another bone, as in the shoulder or hip joint. Also called a spheroid joint

Ball-and-socket joint

13

Inflammation of a bursa

Bursitis

14

A joint without a synovial (joint) cavity where the articulating bones are held tightly together by cartilage, allowing little or no movement

Cartilaginous joint

15

A movement at a synovial joint in which the distal end of a bone moves in a circle while the proximal end remains relatively stable

Circumduction

16

A synovial joint structured so that an oval-shaped condyle of one bone fits into an elliptical cavity of another bone, permitting side-to-side and back-and-forth movements, such as the joint at the wrist between the radius and carpals. Also called an ellipsoidal joint

Condyloid joint

17

Movement in which a part of the body moves inferiorly

Depression

18

A freely moveable joint; types are gliding, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, and ball-and-socket

Diarthrosis

19

Displacement of a bone from a joint with tearing of ligaments, tendons, and articular capsules. Also called a luxation

Dislocation

20

Bending the foot in the direction of the dorsum (upper surface)

Dorsiflexion

21

Movement in which a part of the body moves superiorly

Elevation

22

The movement of the sole laterally at the ankle joint or of an atrioventricular valve into an atrium during ventricular contraction

Eversion

23

An increase in the angle between two bones; restoring a body part to its anatomical position after flexion

Extension

24

A joint that allows little or no movement, such as a suture or a syndesmosis

Fibrous joint

25

Movement in which there is a decrease in the angle between two bones

Flexion

26

A fibrous joint in which a cone-shaped peg fits into a socket

Gomphosis

27

Hereditary condition associated with excessive uric acid in the blood; the acid crystallizes and deposits in joints, kidneys, and soft tissue

Gout

28

A synovial joint in which a convex surface of one bone fits into a concave surface of another bone, such as the elbow, knee, ankle, and interphalangeal joints. Also called a ginglymus joint

Hinge joint

29

Continuation of extension beyond the anatomical position, as in bending the head backward

Hyperextension

30

The movement of the sole medially at the ankle joint

Inversion