Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (45)
what are freuds levels of consciousness?
conciouss, preconciouss and unconciouss
what are freuds psychosexual stages?
the stages—labelled oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital—are primarily influenced by sexuality and aggression.
Unconscious tactics employed by the ego to protect the individual from anxiety.
what is repression?
The most basic defence mechanism; the process of keeping unpleasant memories or thoughts buried deep within the unconscious mind.
who was interested in how feelings of inferiority motivate behaviour?
who added the collective unconciouss?
interested in basic anxiety, cultural differences in behaviour
According to psychoanalytic theory, the personality element in charge of determining which impulses are acceptable to express openly and which are unacceptable; develops as we observe and internalize the behaviours of others in our culture?
Diverting one’s impulses to a more acceptable target is the defence mechanism known as?
most of the content in our minds of freuds view is?
what were freuds three central forces in personality development?
id, ego and superego
who had humanistic perspectives?
abraham maslow and carl rogers
what is the humanistic perspective?
people basic goodness and ability to reach full potential
maslows heirachy of needs has what at the top level?
rogers idea about the importance of self concept is ?
children need unconditional positive positive regard to develop healthy self concepts
the five factor theory evolved from?
gordon allport and hans esenck
eyesenck identified three personality superfactors?
extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism
the five factor theory includes which categories?
agreeableness, extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, openness to experience
what is situationism?
behaviour is governed primarily by the variables in a given situation rather than by internal traits.
what is interactionism?
A view emphasizing the relationship between a person’s underlying personality traits and the reinforcing aspects of the situations in which they choose to put themselves.
what are personality inventories?
paper-and-pencil questionnaire designed to assess various aspects of personality.
the two widely used personality inventories are?
MMPI-2 (abnormal personality and inclinations), NEO-PI-R (traits associated with five factor theory of personality)
what are projective tests?
tap into peoples unconciouss by having them interpret ambiguous stimuli
in case of the roschach inkblot test the stimuli are?
what are the stimuli in tat?
black and white drawings
what did the Minnesota twin study suggest?
many personality traits have strong genetic links
when interpreting links between genes it is important to remember?
relationships are complex and multi directional
what factors are though to play a major role in gender differences?
socio culture factors
cross cultural research focussed on?
personality development in individualistic and collectivistic cultures