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Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (21)
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1

What is blindsight?

Those who are blind can readily attend to visual objects, but they are unaware of those objects.

2

List the core cognitive processes of consciousness?

awareness and attention

3

What is the purpose of the unconscious according to Freud?

To house thoughts and memories too painful or disturbing for consciousness.

To store knowledge and memories in order to maintain their ability to influence how we think, feel, and relate to others.

4

The level of awareness in which information can become readily available to consciousness is called?

preconsciousness.

5

What is the suprachiasmatic nucleus?

A small group of neurons in the hypothalamus responsible for coordinating the many rhythms of the body.

6

What is the major theory of why people sleep?

reticular theory of sleep

7

According to Hilgard, what process happens during hypnosis?

disassociation

8

What are the positive uses of hypnosis?

to control pain
to stop smoking
to control anxiety

9

What are the physical effects of meditation?

reduced muscle tension
lowered blood pressure
lowered respiration

10

What are the main benefits of altering consciousness through meditation?

improved mental well-being
increased calmness
improved clarity

11

Which drug increases energy and alertness, produces euphoric feelings of well-being and confidence?

cocaine

12

What is the effect of psychoactive drugs on the brain?

Increases the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain.

13

consciousness is?

immediate awareness of our internal and external states

14

consciousness results from a combination of brain activities in?

cerebral cortex and thalamus

15

freud viewed the human unconscious as?

storehouse for knowledge and expiernce

16

what is the Adaptive theory of sleep?

Theory that organisms sleep for the purposes of self-preservation, to keep away from predators that are more active at night.

17

Dissociation is?

A splitting of consciousness into two dimensions.

18

what is the Information-processing theory?

A developmental theory focusing on how children learn, remember, organize, and use information from their environment.

19

what is the Reward learning pathway?

Brain circuitry that is important for learning about rewarding stimuli.

20

what are the main classes of psychoactive drugs?

depressants, stimulants, opoids, hallucinogenic drugs

21

an example of an opiod is?

heroin or morphine