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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (48)
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1

what is the biological approach for treating psychological disorders?

improve structural or biological functioning, uses psychoactive drugs, may neglet non biological problems

2

what is the psychodynamic approach for treating psychological disorders?

discover source and conflicts, therapist analysis of resistance, dreams and catharasis

3

what is the behavioural approach for treating psychological disorders?

learn more functional behaviours, desensitization aversion therapy, operant conditioning, therapist modelling

4

what is the cognitive behavioural approach for psychological disorders?

change harmful thinking patterns, rational emotional therapy, cognitive therapy.

5

what is the humanistic approach for psychological disorders?

provide support for self appraisal and acceptance, client centred and gestalt therapy techniques.

6

What key feature is common to all forms of therapy?

1. Therapists generally see the same kinds of clients.
2. Therapy takes place in all sorts of settings.
3. Clinicians have become increasingly concerned about the negative effects of long-term institutionalization.

7

Providing support for honest self-appraisal, self-acceptance, and self-actualization is the goal of _______ type of therapy.

humanistic and existential

8

medications that act on the brain are?

psychoactive drugs

9

what are the four major drug groups used in therapy?

antisphycotic, antidepressant, mood stabilizers, anti anxiety drugs

10

how do antipsychotic drugs work?

block dopamine receptors

11

how do antidepressants work?

target the norepinephrine and serotonin pathways

12

what are snris?

serotonin reuptake inhibitors, block the reabsorption of serotonin

13

what is a placebo?

inactive substance, mimics a drug but has no active ingredients

14

what is electroconvulsive therapy?

use of electric shock to trigger a brain seizure, in hopes of relieving abnormal functioning

15

what is an ETC primarily used for?

people with severe depression, helps about 70%, less often today, only in severe cases

16

what is vagus nervous stimulation?

implanted device sends electrical signals to the brain through vagus nerve, used to treat severe depression

17

what is transcranial magnetic stimulation

coil sends current into prefrontal cortex, increase neuron activity, severe depression

18

what is psychosurgery?

brain surgery to relieve abnormal functioning

19

what are the forms of psychosurgery?

1. trepheing (chipping a hole in the skull) and 2. labotomy (cutting sections between the frontal lobe) 3. deep brain stimulaion (implanted electrodes to treat severe depression, parkinsons disease and epilepsy)

20

What are the main categories of biological treatments?

drug and electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery

21

What are some new methods of direct brain stimulation?

vagus nerve stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation

22

what are some techniques for psychodynamic therapies?

free association, therapist interpretation, catharsis and working through

23

what is free association?

allowing clients to freely talk about whatever thy want

24

what is the difference between resistance, interference, and dream interpretation?

resistance (clients encounter a block in their free associations or change the subject to avoid a potentially painful discussion)

interference (clients come to act and feel toward the therapist as they did toward important figures)

dream interpretation ( dreams can reveal the unconscious)

* all part of therapist interpretation``

25

what is catharsis?

Reliving of past repressed feelings as a means of settling internal conflicts and overcoming problems

26

a single session of catharasis would not be beneficial, therefore clients most partake in _________?

working through

27

what is relational psychoanalytical therapy?

therapists should work to form more equal relationships with clients.

28

The psychodynamic therapy technique of allowing clients to freely talk about whatever they want is called?

free association

29

The psychodynamic therapy of reliving of past repressed feelings as a means of settling internal conflicts and overcoming problems is called?

catharasis

30

what are the three categories of behavioural techniques?

classical conditioning, operant conditioning and modelling