Chapter 12 Pt 2 - Kailey Flashcards
in bronchioectasis the airways can dilate 2x their normal size
chronic interstitial lung diseases are most often unilateral chronic diseases that decrease compliance of the lungs
In Chronic Interstitial Lung Diseases more pressure is required to expand the lungs because they are stiffer.
(increased effort to breathe)
Which disease do the terms “honeycomb lung and ground glass shadows” refer to?
Chronic Interstitial lung diseases
In what disease is there is a bilateral patchy interstitial fibrosis referred to as Unusual Interstitial Pneumonia
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
What are the symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Velco Like Crackles during inspiration
- nonproductive cough
what is pneumoconioses
a non-neoplastic lung reaction to the inhalation of mineral dust
what are the three most common mineral dusts inhaled in pneumoconiosis
Coal Dust (No Increase in Lung Cancer)
Silica (MC - Increases lung cancer risk)
Asbestos (Increased risk for malignant mesothelioma)
What are the three types of Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis? Which one causes a decrease in lung function?
1) Anthracosis (Pigment)
2) Simple Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis (Macrophages)
3) Progressive Massive Fibrosis **Decreased Lung Function
Silicosis is the most common occupational disease in the USA
Silicosis involved the inhalation of silica crystals (quartz) which increase ROS that destroy alveoli and causes hypoxia
Silicosis is most common in which region of the lung
upper lung near hilar lymph nodes
what is the most common asbestos related disease
Fibrotic pleural plaques
In which condition is there diffuse pulmonary interstitial fibrosis with the presence of asbestos bodies (small brown nodules)
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by the hallmark presence of what?