Chapter 15 Pathologies/Tests Flashcards Preview

Human Phys- Med Terms > Chapter 15 Pathologies/Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Pathologies/Tests Deck (40):
1

Ewing Sarcoma

Rare malignant tumor arising in bone; most often occurring in children

2

Exostosis

Bon growth arising form the surface of bone

3

Fracture

Traumatic Breaking of a bone

4

Osteogenic Sarcoma

Common malignant tumor arising from osteoblasts, found primarily in children and adolescents

5

Osteomalacia

Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone

6

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection

7

Osteoporosis

Decrease in bone density (mass); thinning and weakening of bone

8

Talipes

congenital abnormality of the hindfoot

9

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint

10

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine

11

gouty arthritis

Inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body

12

Osteoarthritis

progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces

13

Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane

14

Bunion

enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe

15

Carpa tunnel syndrome

Compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist

16

Dislocation

Displacement of a bone from its joint

17

Ganglion cyst

Fluid-filled sac arising from joint capsules or tendons, typically in the hand

18

Herniation of an intervertebral disk

Abnormal protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the spinal canal or spinal nerves

19

Lyme disease

Disorder marked by arthritis myalgia and malaise; cause is a bacterium carried by a tick

20

Sprain

Trauma to igametns without ruptrue

21

Systemic Lupus erythematosus

Chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, central nervous system, heart and lungs

22

Muscular dystrophy

Group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system

23

Polymyositis

Chronic inflammatory myopathy

24

Antinuclear antibody test

Detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases

25

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

measure time it takes for erythrocytes to settle to the bottom of a test tube

26

rheumatoid factor test

Serum is tested for the presence of an antibody found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

27

serum calcium

measurement of calcium level in serum

28

serum creatine kinase

measurement of the enzyme creatine kinase in serum

29

Uric acid test

Measurement of uric acid in serum

30

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space

31

Arthrography

Taking x-ray images after injection of contrast material into a joint

32

Arthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint

33

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope and television camera

34

bone density test

low-energy x-ray absorption in bones of the spinal column, pelvis, and writs is used to measure bone mass

35

bone scan

uptake of a radioactive substance is measured in bone

36

computed tomography

x-ray beam and computer provide cross sectional and other iamges

37

diskography

x-ray examination of cervical or lumbar intrevertebral disk after injection of contrast into nucleus puposus

38

electromyography

recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation

39

magnetic resonance imaging

magnetic field creates images of soft tissue

40

muscle biopsy

removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination