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Human Phys- Med Terms > Final IA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final IA Deck (64):
1

Psoriasis

Chronic, Recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales

2

Arthralgia

Joint Pain

3

Edema

Swelling; Abnormal excess of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity

4

Steroids

Given to reduce chronic inflammation in respiratory passageways.

5

Methotrexate

Disease-modifying anti rheumatic drug; treats cancer, severe psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis

6

Liver Function Tests

Test for presence of bilirubin and enzymes in the blood. Elevated levels indicates liver disease

7

infliximab

Anti-TNF drug; TNF=tumor necrosis factor

8

necrosis

death of living tissue

9

non-restorative sleep

insomnia

10

Oral Ulcers

Open sore in the mouth

11

Infusion

Injecting a solution into a vein

12

Nodules

A small mass of rounded or irregular shape

13

Fatigue

Weariness, exhaustion

14

erythrematous integument

red skin

15

thoracalgia

chest pain

16

heamturea

blood in urine

17

hematochezia

blood in the stool

18

Reynaud's

recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes

19

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint

20

miscarriage

expulsion of a human fetus before it's viable

21

thrombosis

blood clot within a blood vessel

22

hypothyroidism

deficient activity of the thyroid gland

23

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane

24

lymphoma

malignant tumor of lymph tissue

25

erythrooculus

red eyes

26

BP 102/62

systolic pressure/diastolic pressure
-normal blood pressure

27

Pulse: 72/min

-normal pulse

28

oral mucosa

mucous membrane of the mouth

29

thyromegaly

enlargement of the thyroid gland
(Goiter)

30

lymphadenopathy

disease of a lymph node

31

synovitis

inflammation of the synovial membrane

32

proximal interphalangeal

joint between fingers closest to the midline

33

metacarpophalangeal

pertaining to fingers and hand bones

34

acroparesthesias

abnormal sensation in the extremities

35

diarrhea

frequent watery discharge of stools

36

polyarthritis

arthritis involving multiple joints

37

tinnitus

sensation of noise in the ears

38

asthma

chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production

39

osteoarthritis

progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces

40

anemia

Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin

41

post nissen fundiplication

the fundus of the stomach is wrapped completely around the lower end of the esophagus

42

right hip arthroplasty

surgical repair of the right hip joint

43

polyuria

excessive urination

44

increased thirst

polydipsia

45

ankle edema

excess of fluid in the ankle

46

Creatinine 1.3mg/dL

Creatine Kinase test
-normal

47

BUN 18mg/dL

Blood urea nitrogen
-measurement of urea levels in blood
-normal

48

GFR 53mL/min/1.73m^2

Glomerular Filtration Rate
-indicated by creatinine clearance test
-Low

49

Urine Protein 390mg/24 hours

-High, normal is less than 80mg
-Kidney problems. heart failure, dehydration, urinary tract problems

50

ANA-negative

Antinuclear antibody test
-detects an antibody present in serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematous and other autoimmune diseases

51

MPO antibody-negative

Autoimmune test

52

ESR- 17mm/hour

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
-normal

53

Doppler scan

record blood flow velocity

54

deep venous thrombosis

blood clot forming in a large vein

55

increased renal parenchymal echogenicity

increased reflecting ultrasound waves from the essential tissue of the kidney

56

renal cyst

fluid filled sac in the kidney

57

increased circulating white blood cells

leukocytosis

58

hyaline

transparent

59

atrophy

decreasing in size or wasting away

60

necrosis

death of living tissue

61

epithelial cells (epithelium)

skin cells forming outer and inner body surfaces

62

lipofuscin pigment

brownish colored lipochrome found especially in aged tissuee

63

lymphocytes

lymph cells

64

interstitial fibrosis

increase of interstitial fibrous tissue