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Flashcards in IMPORTANT midterm 2 Deck (30):
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Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

Immature granulocytes (myeloblasts) predominate
-platelets/erythrocytes are diminished

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Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)

Immature lymphocytes (lymphoblasts) predominate
-sudden onset, children adolescents

2

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

Mature and immature granulocytes present In large numbers in bone marrow and blood
-slow progression (elderly)

3

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

Abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in marrow, spleen and nodes
-slow progression (elderly)

4

Oligodendrogliocyte

Produces myelin

5

Blood types

AB+ accepts from anyone
O- gives to anyone
Rh+ received Rh+ OR Rh- blood
Rh- received only Rh-

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Drill a hole in brain

Craniotomy

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Remove a piece

Craniectomy

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Order of meninges

Dura mater
Subdural space
Arachnoid membrane
Subarachnoid space
Pia mater

9

Porphyria cutanea tarda

Deficiency In enzymes of the porphyrin pathway leads to the insufficient production of heme
-porphyrins accumulate and have toxic effects

10

Priapism

The erect penis does not return to it's normal flaccid state, greater then 6 hours

11

Basophils

Contain heparin (prevents clotting) and histamine (involved in allergic reactions)

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Eosinophils

Phagocytic cells involved in allergic responses and parasitic infections

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Neutrophils

Phagocytes cells that accumulate at sites of infection

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Monocytes

Phagocytic cells that become macrophage and digest bacteria and tissue debris

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Lymphocytes

Control the immune responses; make antibodies to antigens

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Epidural hematoma

-concave up
-above dura mater

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Subdural hematoma

-concave down
-below dura mater

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Subarachnoid hematoma

Spider like

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Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

Rounded bleed inward

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Interventricular hemorrhage

Middle of brain )(

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Thrombotic stroke

Blood clot in arteries leading to brain resulting in occlusion of the vessel (caused by atherosclerosis)
-internal carotid artery

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Embolic stroke

Embolus travels to cerebral arteries and occluded small vessel
-sudden onset
-circle of Willis

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Hemorrhagic stroke

Blood vessel breaks
-can be fatal; caused by old age, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure
-middle cerebral artery

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Cachexia

Wasting syndrome
-thin malnourished people

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Prosopagnosia

Inability to recognize faces

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Cerebellum

Coordinates voluntary movement, maintains balance

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Thalamus

Triage center
Impulses from skin

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Hypothalamus

Controls body temp, sleep, appetite, sex desire, emotion

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Medulla oblongata

Regulates blood vessels heart and respiratory