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Flashcards in Chapter 16 & 17 Deck (22)
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Define Sexual assault in terms of Canadian law.

Non-consensual bodily contact for a sexual purpose


What are the 3 levels of sexual assault?

Level 1: any type of sexual act forced on another person or non-consenting bodily contact for a sexual purpose (10)

Level 2: actions in level 1 + perpetrator uses or threatens to use a weapon, threatens friends or family, harms a third party (14)

Level 3: actions in level 1 + assault that wounds, maims, or disfigures the victim or endangers the victims life (lifetime)


What situations disqualify someone from being able to give consent?

- under the influence of alcohol/drugs
- fearful
- unconscious
- underage
- development capacity


How much more likely are women to experience sexual assault than men?

7 times more likely


What percentage of sexual assaults are reported to police?

1/10 sexual assaults..


What is human trafficking?

Slavery that includes buying, selling and smuggling of human beings and forcing them to perform sexual acts


What community is especially at risk for human trafficking? What are some risk factors of human trafficking?

Aboriginal women and girls. Poverty, Domestic violence, High crime


What are the 2 phases of rape trauma syndrome?

Acute phase (after assault-2 months): intense fear, anger, depression, disbelief, self blame

Reorganizational phase (months-years): attempt to take control, make positive changes


What are some other lasting problems survivors feel?

- powerless of own fate
- problems at work
- ptsd
- impaired relationships with partners
- sexual problems


What are some things that can positively affect recovery from sexual assault?

- Family support
- Professional counselling
- Social support


What are some situational characteristics for sexual assault?

- Location: private place and where alcohol is being consumed
- Who: perpetrator known to the victim, lack social support and misuse drugs, identify with strict gender roles, likely to blame victims, more accepting of violence against women
- Culture: gender inequality or intolerance of sexual orientation, attitudes and laws that don’t make sexual assault unacceptable


What are the 5 core dynamic risk factors for a perpetrator of sexual assault?

1. Intimacy deficits
2. Offence supportive attitudes
3. Offence supportive social influence
4. Limited sexual self regulation
5. Limited general self regulation


What is 5 pieces of advice following a sexual assault?

1. Provide support to the victim
2. Victim is not to blame
3. Obtain medical assistance if needed
4. Forensic examination
5. Medications taken within 72 hrs to prevent pregnancy if applicable


What are some patterns of childhood sexual abuse?

- Children know the perpetrator
- Children from low income families more at risk
- Reporting depends on the relationship b/w child & the person discovering the violence
- Child initially trusts the perpetrator


What are the main interpersonal/relational factors affecting development of sexual problems?

- Conflict resolution
- Cost-benefit discrepancies
- Method of teaching social values around sex


What causes misinformation and poor consent discussion?

- Not enough sex education beyond STI and reproductive health
- Media a huge source of bad information


Name 3 myths about sex.

- Women’s sexuality is more complicated than male sexuality
- Sexual satisfaction = orgasm
- A man is always ready and wanting sex


What are some organic factors that affect desire?

- cardiovascular disease (erectile dysfunction)
- diabetes
- hypothyroidism
- anemia


What are some issues after childbirth that cause low desire?

- breastfeeding leads to elevated prolactin causing vaginal dryness
- low iron levels
- interrupted sleep


What is primary anorgasmia? Secondary?

Primary: (life long) often from lack of knowledge about her body

Secondary: (recent) complex


What is dyspareunia?

Pain during intercourse


What is the difference between dyspareunia and vaginismus?

Dyspareunia is pain during penetration. Vaginismus is tightening of muscles in anticipation of pain