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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (18)
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1

What is one way depriving a child of physical contact from a care giver can shape their development?

Can lead to higher mortality rates and attachment disorders

2

What is children’s sexual behaviour, including masturbation motivated by?

Physical pleasure or exploration, not sexual desire

3

When do children begin to explore their sexuality?

Toward the end of preadolescent period

4

How does increased sexualization and sexualized media affect young girls aged 11-13?

Increased anxiety, depression, and shame

5

What is menarche? What is semenarche?

First ocurance of menstruation. First ocurance of semen production.

6

What are the 3 main things that happen during adolescence?

1. Menarche or semenarche
2. Secondary sex traits develop
3. Development of intimacy and first love

7

What is the sexual double standard of first intercourse?

- men: rite of passage
- women: loss of purity

8

What factors relate to very early first sexual intercourse?

- low connectedness to family
- low connectedness to school
- Sexual permissive peers
- Alcohol
- Low self esteem
- High self esteem

9

What are 2 things that inhibit casual sex?

1. Risk of pregnancy and STIs
2. Moral reasons ex religion

10

What is surprisingly a factor that doesn’t influence decision to have sex?

Perceived parental disapproval

11

What is the reason for most teen pregnancies?

Ineffective or inconsistent use to contraceptives

12

What are 2 downfalls of teen pregnancy?

1. Teen moms more likely to be socio-economically disadvantaged
2. Babies are underweight

13

How can dating be confusing for lgbtq youth?

- may find it difficult to find partner open about their orientation
- alot of social disapproval
- may experiment with same sex (if not bi) relationships to mask sexual orientation

14

What are 4 development tasks associated with integrating sexuality in longer term relationships?

1. Passion: realizing that long term relationships aren’t sustained with passion
2. Friendship: having characteristics of a good friendship
3. Communication: developing the ability to communicate with one’s partner about sexual preferences
4. Sexual health: continuing to protect ones sexual health

15

What are some of the costs of divorce?

1. Financial: especially disadvantages women
2. Emotional: associated with higher rates of physical and mental illness
3. Effects on children: decline in parenting post-divorce, mitigated if positive relationship between parents, decline in standard of living

16

What are some challenges of Sexuality in older adults?

- males: difficulties w/ erection, orgasm and sexual interest
-female: decrease in vaginal lubrication

17

What are some hormone related changes in men?

- trouble gaining erection
- testicles decrease in size
- decrease in testosterone, in brain and body

18

What are some sexuality related development tasks in later life?

1. Maintaining perception of self as a sexual being
2. Adapting to reduced frequency of sexual desire
3. Adapting to reduced intensity of genital response
4. Adapting to death or disability of a partner
5. Adapting to entry into a long term facility
6. Using protection against HIV and STIs