Chapter 16 SQ and Chapter Review Flashcards Preview

Cultural Geography Study Notes > Chapter 16 SQ and Chapter Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 SQ and Chapter Review Deck (58):
1

choke point

Controlling movement of goods

2

partition

Divide

3

mandate

Territories gained by war

4

Maronites

Descendants of a Syrian hermit named St. Maron

5

Druze

Broke from the Shiites and followed an Egyptian ruler

6

Holy Land

Where most of the events recorded in the Bible took place

7

Shephelah

A area of low hills

8

Negev

South

9

wadi

Dry steam beds that fill with water after rainstorms

10

tell

Huge mounds created by cities being built on top of old ones

11

Knesset

The Hebrew parliament

12

kibbutz

A Jewish community in which the people share everything in common

13

Promised Land

The place God gave to Israel

14

Zionist Movement

Jew going back to their homeland

15

Judaism

The religion of Jews

16

Orthodox Jew

Believe that the Torah is God's word

17

Reform Jew

Formed as a result of enlightenment thinking

18

Conservative jew

Believe In keeping the old traditions

19

Reconstructionist

See Judaism not as a religion but as a social identity

20

Palestinian

The philistines that converted to Islam

21

preemptive strike

Attacking before an enemy attacks you

22

Six day war

A war between Israel and Egypt Syria and Jordan

23

Yom Kippur War

Egypt and Syria attacked Israel but Israel won

24

PLO

Palestine liberation organization

25

Oslo Accord

Gave guidelines for a series of compromises

26

Hamas

A terrorist group

27

Hezbollah

A terrorist group

28

Islamic Jihad

A terrorist group

29

Byzantine Empire

Form after the collapse of the western Roman Empire

30

Anatolia

Asia Minor

31

Ottoman Empire

Turks

32

Tel Aviv

Israels largest port

33

Gaza Strip

The plain of Philistia

34

Megiddo

A fortress

35

West Bank

A mountain range west of the Jordan river

36

Yasir Arafat

Not mentioned in the book

37

Mahmoud Abbas

Not in the book

38

Dead Sea

A lake below sea level

39

Amman

The capital of the ammonites

40

The Middle East lies at the cross roads of what 3 continents?

Europe Africa and a Asia

41

What are the 2 factions that divide Cyprus?

Two different peoples

42

What language is spoken in Syria?

Arabic

43

What plain contains the Gaza Strip? Who lives there?

The plain of Philistia. The Palestines.

44

Name the 2 cities that once guarded the entrance to the Plain of Esdraelon.

Megiddo and Damascus

45

Name 2 lakes and a river in the Great Rift Valley

The Jordan river the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee

46

What ethnic group makes up 20% of the population of turkey?

The Kurds.

47

Why are the Dardenelles and the Bosporus so important?

can't find it

48

What two rival groups live on Cyprus?

The Greek Cypriots and the Turkish Cypriots.

49

What is the only non European nation in NATO?

Turkey

50

Terms and places/people of significance

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50

Chapter Review Questions

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50

What strait separates Europe and Asia?

The Bosporus strait.

51

What is the Fertile Crescent?

The levant and the river valleys of Mesopotamia.

52

What is Syria's main resource?

Oil

53

What are mandates?

Land taken after war.

54

Answer highlighted SQ questions here

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55

What three territories consist mostly of Palestinians?

Egypt Syria and Jordan

56

What geographic feature is common in Palestine?

Dead Sea