Chapter 5 Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Terms Deck (53):
1

Name for the landmass that contains the continents of Europe and Asia.

Eurasia

2

Chalk hills that can't support trees, but they have plenty of grass for grazing

Downs

3

24 standard zones that roughly follow meridians.

time zones

4

An imaginary line in the Pacific Ocean where time on the east side is one day behind time on the west side.

International date line

5

Formed in 1931 to facilitate the conversion of the British Empire into an association of free and equal countries. Today it includes over 50 countries and about 30% of the world's population.

The Commonwealth of Nations.

6

A wasteland on a high, treeless plateau. The land cannot be cultivated. Fields of heather are common.

moors

7

Narrow valleys carved by glaciers.

glen

8

Deep narrow lake carved by glaciers.

loch

9

Freshwater lake in Ireland

lough

10

Long narrow bays carved by glaciers and filled with sea water

fjord

11

An organization of 27 countries seeking to form a single European community that can compete on the world stage economically and politically. Each country in this organization relinquishes some of its sovereignty when it joins.

European Union (EU)

12

Strong walls of sone and earth used to hold back fresh or sea water.

dikes

13

Parcel of land reclaimed from the sea.

polder

14

Breaking down of barriers between religions.

ecumenism

15

Leading international voice of the ecumenical movement headquartered in Amsterdam.

World Council of Churches

16

Organization formed after WWII to counter threat of Soviet aggression into Western Europe.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

17

A country ruled by a duke.

duchy

18

A major group in what is broadly defined a Christianity. Finds its roots in the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.

Protestantism

19

Fine grained soil deposited by wind in Germany.

loess

20

A warm dry wind which blow across the Swiss Plateau from the Alps.

foehn

21

Self governing districts within Switzerland which were originally Catholic church districts.

cantons

22

Largest religion in the world with over 1 billion members. Founded in Rome, a portion of it's name means "world wide". It holds that tradition is equal to the scriptures and that salvation is obtained by grace through 7 sacraments and other meritorious works. It's leader is Christ's representative on earth.

Roman Catholicism

23

Religious organization that broke from Rome in 1054. They differ with Rome on the authority of the pope, dates for Easter and the ability of clergy to marry. It also holds that man is born basically good and rejects salvation by grace alone.

Eastern Orthodoxy

24

Largest division of the United Kingdom

England

25

The largest city on the Thames River in England

London

26

Occupies a broad peninsula on the western side of England. Has a wet/mild climate but less than 10% of the land is arable. Has it's own language.

Wales

27

Lies to the north of England. It's inhabitants descended from the Celt and they have preserved their own culture.

Scotland.

28

On the island of Ireland, first populated by Protestants from Britain in the early 17th century.

Northern Ireland (Ulster)

29

A radical, terrorist, catholic group desiring reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland.

Irish Republican Army

30

Region comprised of five countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Iceland.

Scandinavia

31

The largest city in Scandinavia and the capital of Sweden

Stockholm

32

Area of Northern Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia that was once filled with nomadic reindeer herders.

Lapland

33

People group who have been nomadic reindeer herders.

Lapps

34

National assembly of Iceland, oldest parliamentary assembly still in existence in the world.

Althing

35

The allied invasion of France occurred in this coastal region near the end of WWII.

Normandy

36

A canal that completes a link between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.

Canal du Midi

37

Location of the national government of the Netherlands and the provincial capital of South Holland. Also the location of the International Criminal Court, an organization of the United Nations which prosecutes war criminals.

The Hague

38

The largest city in Belgium and the headquarters of the EU Parliament and NATO.

Brussels

39

Dutch speaking, northern district of Belgium filled with polders and sand.

Flanders

40

French speaking, southern district of Belgium

Wallonia

41

City at the heart of ancient and modern Germany, the western half of this city was isolated by the Soviet Union during the cold war.

Berlin

42

A hated symbol of division caused by the cold war. It was destroyed in 1989.

Berlin Wall

43

Canal which links the North Sea with the Baltic Sea

Kiel Canal

44

Largest industrial region in Europe. Located at the confluence of the Ruhr and Rhine rivers

Ruhr region

45

Capital and largest city in Austria. Home to OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) and the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Vienna

46

Capital city of Spain

Madrid

47

Important spanish seaport in Catalonia.

Barcelona

48

Region within Spain with its own language and strong desire for independence.

Catalonia

49

People group living on the borders of Spain/France who would like to become an independent nation. Their language is Euskara.

Basques

50

Capital of Portugal, located on a natural harbor, destroyed in the great earthquake of 1780, which was one of the signs that the end of time was approaching.

Lisbon

51

An organized crime ring based in Sicily.

Mafia

52

City built on over 100 low islands in a swampy lagoon of the Adriatic Sea. Motorboats or gondolas are used for transportation in this city.

Venice

53

Ancient and modern capital of Greece

Athens