Chapter 17 SQ and Chapter Review Flashcards Preview

Cultural Geography Study Notes > Chapter 17 SQ and Chapter Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17 SQ and Chapter Review Deck (45):
1

Pillars of Islam

There is no god but Allah.
Pray five times a day.
Give alms to the poor.
Fast during the month of Ramadan.
Make a pilgrimage I Mecca at least once in a lifetime.

2

Ramadan

A month

3

mosque

Islamic worship building

4

Koran

The Muslim holy book

5

Bedouin

Nomads of the Arabian desert

6

khat

Whose leaves are chewed in east Africa as a narcotic

7

sultanate

The government type that Oman has

8

emirate

Ruled by princes

9

desalination

Removing salt from water

10

OPEC

Organization of petroleum exporting countries

11

Sunnis

Means well trodden path

12

Shiites

Honor the imam the hereditary successor of Muhammad

13

Zoroastrianism

A persecuted minority in Iran

14

Baha'ism

A religion based on the writings of Bab and Bahaullah

15

Sufism

Teaches that nothing exists except God

16

shah

A hereditary leader

17

Ayatollah

The highest title of honor that a Shiite Muslim can have

18

sharia

Ancient religious law

19

Middle East

Located at the crossroads of three continents

20

Mecca

One of Islam's holiest cities

21

Riyadh

The capital of Saudi Arabia

22

Persian Gulf War

The most significant war on the Arabian peninsula

23

Saddam Hussein

Ruler of Iraq

24

Kurds

Inhabits the northern highlands

25

Assyrian Empire

It's capital was Nineveh

26

Baghdad

Is the capital of Iraq

27

Sumer

The civilization that developed in the plain of shinar

28

Persian Empire

Included all of modern Iran

29

Iran-Iraq War

Lasted eight years

30

What language is spoken throughout most of the Persian Gulf region?

Farsi

31

What is the holy book of Islam?

The Koran

32

What are the two holiest cities of Islam?

Mecca and medina

33

Who are the bedouins?

The nomads of the Arabian desert

34

Who founded the kingdom of Saudi Arabia?

Ibn-saud

35

Terms

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35

What poverty stricken Arab country once had communist leaders?

Yemen

35

What factors caused the Persian gulf war?

Oil and safety to Saudi Arabia

36

Explain the significance

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37

What two rivers flow through Iraq and into the Persian gulf?

The Tigris and Euphrates

38

What is the fertile region between those two rivers called?

Mesopotamia

39

Name the two ancient empires that arose in Iraq.

Assyria and Babylon

40

Chapter Review Questions

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43

SQ - answer highlighted questions

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43

Which mountain range contains two ancient capitals of Persia?

The Elbirz mountains

43

Iran is the only country of the Persian gulf that has an official language other than Arabic. What is it?

Farsi