Chapter 19 SQ and Chapter Review Flashcards Preview

Cultural Geography Study Notes > Chapter 19 SQ and Chapter Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 SQ and Chapter Review Deck (45):
1

subcontinent

Bigger than a peninsula but smaller than a continent

2

monsoon

A seasonal wind caused by the heating and cooling of large land masses

3

Hinduism

Emphasizes reincarnation a supreme being with many forms and the caste system

4

Sikhism

An Indian religion founded by Nanak that tries to combine the teachings of Hinduism with Islam

5

caste

A system that assigns people to different classes

6

Brahmins

Priests and teachers who occupy the highest caste of Hinduism

7

untouchables

The lowest class of Hinduism

8

reincarnation

A constant cycle of birth and death each person supposedly lives one life after another

9

karma

The total effect of a persons actions

10

gurus

Spiritual leaders

11

Jainism

A mix of Hinduism and Buddhism

12

satyagraha

Nonviolent protests

13

typhoon

A hurricane that occurs over the waters near Eastern Asia

14

tsunami

A title wave

15

animism

Religious beliefs that ascribe spiritual powers to animals and plants

16

William Carey

The first modern missionary in India

17

Punjab

Contains the Punjab plains

18

Mahatma Gandhi

Was assassinated by a Hindu

19

Jawarharlal Nehru

Established a secular federal republic

20

Kashmir

A small country

21

Taj Mahal

A monument

22

Sherpas

Frequently hired as guides

23

Gurkhas

Famed for their fighting

24

How do the mountains along the northern borders affect the climate of South Asia?

They stop the rain and it drops of Southern Asia

25

Why is India called the world's largest democracy?

It is the largest nation with a democracy

26

What is the major religion of Pakistan?

Islam

27

What country split from Pakistan in 1971? Why?

Bangladesh

28

What mountain range contains 250 of the highest mountains in the world?

Himalayas

29

What issue more than any other divides India and it's neighbors?

Religion

30

What type of government does India have?

A federal republic

31

Why do you think India has such a problem with highway accidents?

There are too many people on the roads

32

What is the major religion of both Pakistan and Bangladesh?

Islam

33

Which region is the object of dispute between India and Pakistan?

Kashmir

34

What factors caused the division of Pakistan resulting in the creation of Bangladesh?

Poor communication in Pakistan and war with India.

35

What political/religious fact makes Nepal unique?

It is Hindu

36

What do Nepal and Bhutan have in common that make them unique among other countries if South Asia?

They are mostly Hindu

37

What two groups were at war in Sri Lanka until they singed a ceasefire in 2002?

Sinhalese and the Tamils

38

What is the majority religion in Sri Lanka?

Buddhists

39

Which Indian leader promoted nonviolent protest as a means for political reform?

Mahatma Gandhi

40

Which three rivers are of greatest importance to India?

The Ganges the Brahmaputra and the indus rivers.

41

caste system

?

42

terms

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Chapter Review Questions

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42

SQ - answer highlighted questions here.

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43

Explain the significance

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