Flashcards in Chapter 4 Terms Deck (62):
Relationships among human beings.
God told Adam and Eve to fill the earth with people and to have dominion over society for God's Glory. Gen 1:28, and Gen 9:1 Be fruitful, and multiply and replenish the earth.
Belief that human thought and values (rather than religious thoughts or values) should be the central features of culture and that humans can on their own solve all of their problems.
Speech patterns within a language that can vary widely.
culture regions that display increasingly similar characteristics.
Is a human society that shares the same basic culture.
Society's total way of life including traditions and institutions.
Groups of languages that share many common characteristics.
Language families of the world (see map)
Uralic and Altaic
Man his wife and children.
The nuclear family plus grandparents uncles aunts and cousins.
A large group of people with a common history and language who have developed a strong sense of identity.
A nation that has established it's own government or state.
When one nation conquers other nations beyond its borders
Shows the boundaries that a state has drawn around its people.
They mark the limit of a states authority over the lives of people.
Connects geometric points or follow lines of latitude or longitude.
Study of human populations and their characteristics
Official records of births, marriages, divorces and deaths.
Official government counts of the entire population within the nation's boundaries.
Counts of small samples of the total population.
Number of children born per 1000 people.
Number of people who die per 1000 people.
rate of natural increase
crude birth rate - crude death rate
Number of years a person can expect to live.
# of live births - # of infants who die in their first year (per thousand live births).
small area which has a large # of buildings and people
large area with few people and buildings
growth of urban areas at expense of rural areas
a residential community outside city limits but not in the rural area farther away.
average # of people on each square mile (or km) of land.
land that can be used to raise crops
total population / arable land area
rule of man over man
system of laws and courts to settle disputes between citizens
police foce to protect law-abiding citizens from foreign attack.
when no system of government exists and people are doing whatever they want.
Hold power by claiming an authority higher than the people they govern.
Types of authoritarian governments
absolute monarchy (Saudi Arabia)
dictatorship (Cuba, Germany under Hitler)
totalitarian (North Korea)
Authority by birth, rules as he/she pleases. (Think about the old kings/queens during the protestant reformation.)
Person who rules by the authority of the military.
Most extreme authoritarian government type. Make decisions about every deal of citizen's lives for the "good" of the country.
Rely on the the consent of the people to keep their position. (Voting is common)
Form of government whereby the people rule themselves.
Every citizen could vote on every law and issue that comes before the government. (ancient greek - city states)
Indirect (representative) democracy
Citizens elect representatives who vote on laws for them. People have the opportunity to voice their opinion and/or run for office if they wish.
People limit the power of the monarch by law. He/she functions as a figurehead. The real power belongs to an elected legislature. (Great Britain)
Republics elect their national leader (president) who supervises the bureaucracy while the elected legislature(s) write the laws. (US)
Types of modern democracies
Principals that guide a government's relationships with other countries.
Foreign policy alternatives
A country that ignores the most fundamental principles of international relations and willing uses any type of weapon or means it deems necessary to get its way or increase its power. Even if it means using weapons against their own citizens.
Art of negotiating agreements between nations.
Formal agreements between nations.
Formal agreement between enemies usually at war.
Agreements between friendly nations to assist one another.
North American Treaty Organization created to protect the western hemisphere from Soviet threat.
United Nations - a neutral place to negotiate peaceful solutions to disputes.
A treaty establishing bass rules for how nations should treat wounded soldiers and prisoners of war. This is monitored by the International Red Cross.
All peoples have a right to vote for the type of government they will have.