* Chapter 18 Flashcards Preview

MedTerm I > * Chapter 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in * Chapter 18 Deck (55)
1

Secretory tissues composed of apocrine and sebaceous glands located in the anal sac

Anal glands

2

Pair of pouches that store an oily, foul-smelling fluid secreted by the anal glands

Anal sacs

3

Large, shearing cheek tooth

Carnassial tooth

4

Physical makeup of an animal

Constitution

5

Ingestion of feces

Coprophagy

6

Surgical procedure that cuts vocal folds to soften a dog's bark

Debarking or devocalization

7

Syndrome characterized by excess fat accumulation in the liver of cats that typically occurs after a period of anorexia

Hepatic lipidosis

8

Species that ovulates only as a result of sexual activity (cats, rabbits, ferrets, llamas, camels, and mink)

Induced ovulators

9

More than the normal number of digits

Polydactyly

10

Inflammation of fat, usually caused by feeding cats too much oily fish

Steatitis or yellow fat disease

11

Type of long fur (on cats and other species)

Angora

12

Cat with three colors (black, orange, white)

Calico (usually female, if male; they have a genotype of XXY)

13

Two-toned feline fur with stripes

Mackerel tabby

14

Mixed breed of any animal

Mongrel

15

Orange-brown color with ticking of dark brown or black

Ruddy

16

one-color fur

Self

17

Feline fur with two colors that may be in stripes or spots

Tabby

18

Fur in which darker colors are found on the tips of each guard hair

Ticked coat

19

Fur coat that had guard hairs with darker tips mixed in

Ticking

20

Feline fur with two colors (orange and black) producing a spotted or blotched pattern

Tortoiseshell

21

Lacking shine to haircoat; also used to describe behavior more lethargic than normal

Dull

22

White paws

Gloves

23

Shine

Luster

24

Excessive fat accumulation in the body

Obesity

25

Color of nose (mask), ears, tail, and feet of an animal

Points

26

Ability to draw back; feline claws can be drawn back

Retractile

27

Shininess or luster

Sheen

28

Strong and steady while on point

Staunch

29

Emotional and mental qualities of an individual

Temperament

30

Working every bit of ground and cover

Thorough

31

Offspring that shows an ancestor's characteristic that has not appeared in previous generations

Throwback

32

Showing lack of confidence or shy

Timid

33

Very dense, soft, short hair that is found beneath the longer, coarse guard hairs

Underfur

34

Not thriving; not clean; unkempt look; doesn't look right
ADR = ain't doing right

Unthrifty

35

Healthy growth; also means high energy

Vigor

36

CAV-2

Canine Adenovirus 2
Adenovirus infection in canines that causes signs of upper respiratory disease

37

CDV

Canine Distemper Virus
Highly contagious paramyxovirus infection in canines that is associated with respiratory, digestive, muscular, and neurologic signs

38

ICH or CAV-1

Canine Hepatitis Virus
Highly contagious adenovirus 1 infection in canines that is associated with ocular ('blue eye'), abdominal, and liver signs

39

CHV

Canine Herpesvirus
Herpesvirus infection in canines that primarily affects newborn puppies and is associated with listlessness, nasal discharge, rash, neurological signs, and death

40

Canine parainfluenza virus

Paramyxovirus infection of canines that contributes to upper respiratory infections and causes subclinical bronchitis

41

Canine parvovirus

Highly contagious parvovirus infection in canines that is associated with severe diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and leukopenia.

42

CCV in dogs or feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Coronavirus
Causes gastrointestinal disease in dogs and gastrointestinal and systemic disease in cats that is usually spread through contaminated feces

43

Crotalus atrox toxoid

inactivated toxin from the Western diamondback rattlesnake used in dogs to reduce morbidity and mortality due to envenomation by this snake (snake bite)

44

Feline calicivirus

Picornavirus infection in felines that is associated with upper respiratory and ocular infections

45

Feline chlamydia

Bacterial infection in felines caused by the bacterium Chlamydophila psittaci that is associated with upper respiratory and ocular infections

46

FIV

Feline immunodeficiency virus
lentivirus infection in felines that initially presents with fever and lymphadenopathy that over a long period of time progresses to a wide range of clinical signs such as anemia, lethargy, weight loss, and secondary infections

47

FIP

Feline infectious peritonitis
coronavirus infections in felines that is characerized by an insidious onset, fever and weight loss. The wet form has peritoneal or pleural effusions (or both), whereas the dry form has pyogranulomas in any location

48

FeLV

Feline leukemia virus
Feline retrovirus that may produce elevated numbers of abnormal leukocytes, immune suppression, cancer, and illness associated with immune suppression

49

FPV or feline distemper

Feline Panleukopenia virus
Parvovirus infection of felines that is associated with fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and a decrease in all types of white blood cells

50

Feline rhinotracheitis virus

Herpesvirus infection in felines that is associated with upper respiratory and ocular infections

51

Giardia lamblia

Protozoan that may cause asymptomatic disease or cause diarrhea in dogs and cats

52

Kennel cough

Infectious tracheobronchitis
upper respiratory infection caused by the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica that produces a severe hacking cough

53

Leptospirosis

Bacterial disease caused by various serotypes of Leptospira; signs include renal failure, jaundice, fever, and abortion

54

Lyme disease

also called Lyme borreliosis
bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi transported by a tick vector; associated with fever, anorexia, joint disorders, and occasionally neurologic signs

55

RV

Rabies virus
fatal zoonotic rhabdovirus infection of all warm-blooded animals that causes neurologic signs; transmitted by a bite or infected body fluid
RV is required by public health agencies for licensure of dogs
RV is recommended as a public health measure for cats