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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (72)
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Uni-, mono-

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Duo-, bi-, dyo

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Tri-

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Quadri-, quadro-, tetr-, tetra-

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Quinqu-, quint-, pent-, penta-

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Sex-, hex-, hexa-

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Sept-, septi-, hept-, hepta-

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Octo-, oct-, octa-

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Novem-, nonus-, ennea-

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Deca-, decem-, dek-, deka-

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Cephalic

Pertains to the head

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Inferior

Lowermost, below, toward the tail

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Dental arcade

How tooth are arranged in mouth

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Palatal surface

Tooth surface of the maxilla facing the tongue

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Abdominal cavity

Hollow space containing major organs of digestion located between diaphragm and pelvic cavity.

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Peritoneal cavity

Hollow space within abdominal cavity between the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum

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Pelvic cavity

Hollow space containing the reproductive and some excretory systems (urinary bladder and rectum) organs bounded by the pelvic bones.

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Regional terms:
Abdomen
Thorax
Groin

Abdomen - between thorax and pelvis containing abdominal cavity
Thorax - chest region located between neck and diaphragm
Groin or inguinal area - lower region of abdomen adjacent to thigh

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Umbilicus

Also called navel
Pit in the abdominal wall marking point where umbilical cord entered the fetus

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Mesentery

Layer of peritoneum suspending parts of intestine in the abdominal cavity

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Retroperitoneal

Means superficial to peritoneum

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Prone

Means lying in ventral or sternal recumbency

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Supine

Means lying in dorsal recumbency

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cyt/o

Cell (cytology = study of cells)

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protoplasm

Collective name of cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus

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-plasm

formative material of cells

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proto-

first

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genetic disorder

inherited disease or condition caused by defective genes

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congenital

something that's present at birth (not genetic)

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anomaly

"abnormal"; may be used instead of defect

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hist/o

combining form for tissue

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epi-

above

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thel/o

nipple, also used to denote any thin membrane

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meso-

middle

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-plasia

formation, development, and growth of tissue and cell numbers

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-trophy

formation, development, and increase in the size of tissue and cells

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anaplasia

change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other

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Aplasia

lack of development of an organ, tissue or cell

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Dysplasia

abnormal growth or development of an organ, tissue or cell

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Hyperplasia

abnormal increase in number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ, tissue or cell

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Hypoplasia

incomplete or less than normal development of an organ, tissue or cell

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Neoplasia

abnormal new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive.

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Tumor

Neoplasms forming a distinct mass of tissue

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-oma

tumor or neoplasm

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Atrophy

decrease in size or complete wasting of an organ, tissue or cell

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Dystrophy

defective growth in size of organ, tissue or cell

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Hypertrophy

increase in size of organ, tissue or cell

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neo-

new

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Aden/o

Gland (combining form)

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oste/o, oss/e, oss/i

bone

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arthr/o

joints

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chondr/o

cartilage

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fasc/i, fasci/o

fascia

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ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon

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ven/o, phleb/o

veins

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thym/o

thymus

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pharyng/o

pharynx

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or/o, stomat/o

mouth

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col/o, colon/o

large intestine

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ureter/o

ureters

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cyst/o

urinary bladder

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urethr/o

urethra

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encephal/o

brain

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myel/o

spinal cord

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ophthalm/o, ocul/o, opt/o, opt/i

eyes

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ot/o, aur/i, aur/o, audit/o, aud/i

ears

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acoust/o, acous/o

external ear; sound

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pituit/o

pituitary

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orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, testicul/o

testes

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ovari/o, oophor/o

ovaries

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hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i, metri/o, uter/o

uterus

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-oma

tumor or neoplasm