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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (68)
1

physis

growth

2

-blasts

immature

3

-clasts

break

4

hemat/o

blood

5

-poietic

pertaining to formation

6

chondr/o

cartilage

7

arthr/o

joint

8

-malacia

abnormal softening

9

-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

10

dia-

between

11

peri-

surrounding

12

burs/o

combining form for bursa, pl. bursae (fibrous sac that acts as a cushion to ease movement in areas of friction)

13

synovi/o

combining form for synovial membrane and fluid (inner lining of bursae and synovial joints; fluid secreted by membrane lubricates to make joint movement smooth)

14

crani/o

skull

15

Brachycephalic
Dolichocephalic
Mesocephalic or mesaticephalic

Examples of skull shapes in dogs
Brachycephalic: short, wide heads, e.g. pugs & pekingese
Dolichocephalic: narrow, long heads, e.g. collies & greyhounds
Mesocephalic: average width to head, e.g. labrador retrievers

16

vomer

forms base of the nasal septum

17

hyoid

bone suspended between the mandible and the laryngopharynx

18

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

combining form for vertebra, pl. vertebrae

19

cost/o

combining form for rib (ribs are sometimes called costals)

20

onych/o

combining form for claw

21

onychectomy

declaw

22

crus

the area of the rear limb between the stifle and hock

23

aperture

opening

24

condyle

rounded projection (articulates with another bone)

25

crest

high or border projection

26

crista

ridge

27

dens

toothlike structure

28

eminence

surface projection

29

facet

smooth area

30

foramen

hole

31

fossa

trench or hollow depressed area

32

fovea

small pit

33

lamina

thin, flat plate

34

malleolus

rounded projection (distal end of tibia and fibula)

35

meatus

passage or opening

36

protuberance

projecting part

37

ramus

branch or smaller structure given off by a larger structure

38

sinus

space or cavity

39

sulcus

groove

40

trochanter

broad, flat projection (on femur)

41

trochlea

pulley-shaped structure in which other structures pass or articulate

42

varus

abnormally bent in bone

43

valgus

abnormally bent out bone

44

gout

joint inflammation

45

fibr/o, fibros/o

combining form for fibrous tissue

46

kinesi/o, -kinesis

combining form and suffix mean movement

47

syn-

together

48

erg

work

49

anti-

against

50

agon

struggle

51

ton/o

combining form for tone, tension, or stretching

52

axis

line about which rotation occurs

53

infra-

beneath or below

54

zygoto

joined

55

azygous

means not paired

56

kneme

leg

57

adhesion

band of fibers that hold structures together in an abnormal fashion

58

atonic

lacking muscle control

59

leiomyositis

inflammation of smooth tissue

60

myasthenia

muscle weakness

61

myoclonus

spasm of muscle

62

myotonia

delayed relaxation of a muscle after contraction

63

tetany

muscle spasms or twitching

64

Number of cervical vertebrae

7 (in all mammals)

65

Number of thoracic vertebrae

13 in most species
14-15 in porcupine
18 in equine

66

Number of lumbar vertebrae

6-7 depending on species

67

Sacrum

3-5 vertebrae fused

68

Number of coccygeal vertebrae

2 - 23 depending on species and whether or not tail was docked