* Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

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1

odor of pork that is harvested from an adult boar; as boar ages, boar ages it becomes more pronounced and results in an unpalatable product

boar taint

2

moving piglets from one litter to another to balance litter size (done in the first day or two of life)

cross-fostering

3

tendency for animals to eliminate wastes in a particular location

dunging pattern

4

ID method used in swine in which notches of various patterns are cut in the ear

ear notching

5

holding pen that limits sow movement before and during parturition

farrowing crate

6

building dedicated to the delivery and raising of piglets to weaning

farrowing house

7

sow holding area that has guardrails and floor junctures that allow young pigs to escape; used before and during parturition; is larger than a crate

farrowing pen

8

degree of fat on an animal that is ready for slaughter

finish

9

pig skin

hide

10

portable partition used to move swine by blocking the area in which the pig should not go

hog hurdle

11

restraint method in which the pig's snout is secured by a loop tie that is attached to a long handle

hog snare or just snare

12

fencing that prevents animal escape

hog-tight

13

eight temporary incisors and canine teeth of young swine

needle teeth

14

act of implanting a wire ring through a pig's nose to discourage rooting

ringing

15

swine restraint device with four leg holes and an additional hole under the neck for blood collection; device looks like a hammock

sling

16

upper lip and apex of nose of swine

snout

17

national system of accrediting free of specific diseases; animals are obtained by cesarean section and raised in isolation to prevent certain infectious diseases; not disease-free

specific pathogen free
abbreviated SPF

18

overgrown canine tooth of boar

tusk

19

natural or artificial wading area to cool swine

wallow

20

group of animals that restricts entrance of new animals

closed herd

21

full-service swine operation that houses breeders, newborns, weanlings, and feeder stock

farrow-to-finish

22

swine operation that houses breeding sows and offspring until they reach weaning age or weight

farrow-to-wean

23

swine operation that raises weanling pigs to market weight

feeder-to-finish

24

swine over 100 pounds to slaughter

finisher pig

25

swine from about 40 to 100 pounds

grower pig

26

group of animals in which animals from other groups are allowed to join the existing group

open herd

27

swine from about 10 to 40 pounds

starter or feeder pig