* Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in * Chapter 20 Deck (95)
1

Cud-chewing animal that has a forestomach that allows fermentation of ingesta

Ruminant

2

tool used to administer pills, boluses, or magnets to livestock

balling gun, also called bolus gun

3

animal that was not bred or did not conceive

barren

4

said of an animal that has mated and is pregnant

bred

5

group of animals that are genetically similar in color and conformation so that when mated to each other, they produce young identical to themselves; also the act of breeding

breed

6

amount of time between the birth of a calf and birth of the next calf from the same cow

calving interval

7

body of animal after it has been slaughtered; usually head, hide, blood, and offal removed

carcass

8

more than one member of genus Bos

cattle

9

mechanical device that is used to restrain cattle

chute

10

common term for removal of a retained placenta

cleaning or cleansing a cow

11

remnants of steer scrotum

cod

12

first milklike substance produced by the female after parturition; it is thick, yellow, and high in protein and antibodies

colostrum

13

shape and body type of an animal

conformation

14

specialized, highly vascular cells that nourish the hoof and horn

corium

15

having resulted from the mating of two different breeds within the same species

crossbred

16

to remove an animal from the rest because it does not meet a specific standard or is unproductive

cull

17

to remove horns or horn buds by mechanical, thermal, or chemical means

dehorn

18

bred and used for both meat and milk production

dual purpose

19

placement of ID device in the ear

ear tagging

20

removal of an embryo from a female of superior genetics and placing it in the reproductive tract of another female

embryo transfer

21

beef cattle that are placed in a feedlot based on age and weight

feeders

22

confined area where an animal is fed until it is slaughtered

feedlot

23

act of increasing feed before breeding or embryo transfer to increase the number of ova released

flushing

24

stall for cattle in which each animal is free to lie down, feed, move, or seek out other animals

free stall

25

bull used to detect female bovines in heat; bull may have penis surgically deviated to the side, may be treated with androgens, or may vasectomized so as not to impregnate females

gomer or teaser bull

26

head harness worn by animals for restraint that extends behind the head and over the nose

halter

27

individual housing pen for calves (and other small animals such as rabbits)

hutch

28

offspring resulting from mating of two different species

hybrid

29

mating of dissimilar breeds to increase productivity and performance in the F1 generation of crossbred animals over that shown by either parent

hybrid vigor, also called heterosis

30

resulting from the mating of two closely related animals (e.g. son to dam, sire to daughter)

inbred, also called close breeding

31

piece of rope, leather, or nylon that is attached via a clasp to a halter

lead rope

32

abnormal position of a fetus just before parturition

malpresentation

33

streaks of fat interdispersed throughout meat that increase its tenderness

marbling

34

inedible visceral organs and unusable tissues removed from the carcass of a slaughtered animal

offal

35

common term for a bloodless castration using an emasculatome

pinch

36

said of an animal whose ability to pass on specific traits is known and predictable

proven

37

method of determining pregnancy, phase of the estrous cycle, or disease process by inserting a gloved arm into the rectum of the animal and feeling for a specific structure

rectal palpation

38

animal that is raised for addition to the herd (one that replaces a less desirable animal)

replacement

39

underdeveloped horns that are not attached to the skull

scurs

40

vasectomized male bovine used to find and mark female bovines in estrus

spotter bull

41

anatomic changes in a ruminant that indicate parturition is near

springing

42

small compartment to house an animal

stall

43

restraint device that secures cattle around the neck to allow accessibility for milking, feeding, and examining

stanchion

44

phase of estrus in which a female bovine will stand to be mounted

standing heat

45

distal part of a bovine tail that consists of long, coarse hairs

switch

46

restraint technique used in cattle in which the tailhead is grasped and raised vertically

tailing, also called tail jack

47

stall large enough for only one animal, which is usually tied by a neck chain (cattle) or halter (horse)

tie stall

48

confined young dairy calf that is fed only milk or milk replacer to produce pale, soft, and tender meat

veal

49

to remove young from their mother so they can no longer nurse

wean

50

shelter in which an animal can stand and be protected from the wind

windbreak

51

milk-secreting sacs of mammary gland; also used to describe gas exchange sac of respiratory system

alveoli

52

not lactating

dry

53

ending the production of milk when milk yield is low or before freshening

drying off

54

area of udder where milk collects before entering the teat cistern

gland cistern

55

portion of milk that is left after water is removed; includes protein and fat

milk solids

56

veins found near the ventral midline of a cow

milk veins, also called mammary veins

57

depression in the cow's ventral underline where milk veins enter the body

milk well

58

amount of milk produced in a given period

milk yield

59

process of drawing milk from the mammary glands

milking

60

passageway that takes milk from the teat cistern to the outside of the body

streak canal, also called papillary duct or teat canal

61

metal cup with a lid that is used for detecting mastitis

strip cup

62

nipple, especially the large nipples of ruminants and equine

teat

63

short and narrow, round-pointed metal or plastic tube used to pass from the exterior through the teat canal and into the teat cistern to relieve teat obstructions

teat cannula

64

cavity in the udder where milk is secreted before leaving the teat

teat cistern

65

submerging or spraying the nipple with antiseptic to prevent the development of mastitis

teat dipping

66

removing milk from the teat before or after milking by occluding the teat at the top between the thumb and forefinger and then pulling downward to express all of the milk

teat stripping or just stripping

67

condition in cows in which one quarter is no longer used due to previous damage or infection

three quartered

68

milk production organ in ruminants and equine species

udder

69

high-energy feed that is fed to young animals in special feed devices so that adult animals cannot gain access to the feed

creep feed

70

regurgitated food particles, fiber, rumen fluid, and rumen microorganisms

cud
act of chewing cud = cudding

71

hard surface of the upper mouth of cattle that serves in place of upper teeth

dental pad

72

any dietary component that provides a nutrient

feedstuff, also called feed

73

act of feeding beef cattle high-quality feed before slaughter to increase carcass quality and yield

finishing

74

to eat grasses and plants that grow close to the ground

graze

75

amount of food consumed by animal in a 24-hour period

ration

76

type of feed that is high in fiber and low in total digestible nutrients; examples include pasture and hay

roughage, also called forage

77

large group of range sheep

band

78

one season's wool yield (sheep)

clip

79

removal of the distal portion of the tail; also means reducing in value

docking

80

another term for wool

fleece

81

young sheep meat

lamb

82

adult sheep meat

mutton

83

method of restraining sheep by placing them in a sitting position with the front legs elevated

rumping, also called tipping

84

to shave wool, hair, or fur

shear

85

one offspring born

singleton

86

adult goat meat

chevon

87

hair harvested from one animal in one shearing (goats)

clip

88

to remove horn growth in kids or calves by use of a hot iron or caustic substance

disbud, also called debudding

89

appendage suspended from the head (usually the chin) in chickens, turkeys, and goats

wattle

90

common term for copulation of llamas; also the position camelids take when lying down

cushing

91

set of six teeth in llamas that include an upper vestigial incisor and an upper and lower canine on each side

fighting teeth

92

animal that lives with livestock (mainly sheep) to protect them from predatory animals

guard llama

93

style of breeding where a male is left with females most of the year

harem breeding

94

call of a male llama or alpaca

orgle

95

behavior in which an animal spits saliva at an animal or a person who is perceived to be a threat or an annoyance

spitting (may also be used to establish hierarchy)