Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (43)
In place of the artificially controlled laboratory, anthropologist rely primarily on _____.
Ethnography and cross-cultural comparison
Early anthropologist who relied on travelers and missionaries for their fieldwork data were called _____.
Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor were influenced deeply by the evolutionary theories of ____.
Which of the following statements best describes Lewis Henry Morgan’s and Edward Tylor’s evolutionary theory?
It is the study of the history of human society from simple technology and social institutions to complex ones.
Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor classified small-scale societies as ____.
Which statement is true about Franz Boaz?
A. His theories were influenced by Darwin
B. He was the 1st Proff of anthropology in Harvard
C. He was a champion of human rights
D. He did his fieldwork in the Islands
He was a champion of human rights.
Applying one’s cultural standards of value, worth, and morality to another culture is called ____.
Boas insisted that anthropologist must value a culture on its own terms. This idea is called ______.
Which of the following has been a hallmark of American anthropology?
C. Participant observation
How is Malinowski’s approach to the study of cultures different from Boas?
Malinowski emphasized the notion of function in society, while Boas focus on the study of history and adaptation of culture
The function of an institutional Review Board (IRB) is to ____.
Approve, monitor, and review all university research involving human subjects
______ is a fieldwork technique that involves gathering cultural data by observing people’s behavior and participating in their lives.
Despite her/his best efforts to prepare for immersion in a new culture, anthropologists will be most likely experiencing ____.
Which of the following is an example of an etic perspective in research?
Studying agriculture techniques by measuring the fertility of soil in laboratory samples
What is the primary goal of emic research?
Help outsiders understand what it means to be a member of another culture
Anthropological interview techniques are _____.
Highly varied and are situation specific
The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) is _____.
A database that provides cross-cultural data on a limited number of societies
The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)____.
Involve multiple perspectives and indexed data
Why did anthropology pay little attention to women prior to the 1970s?
The majority of practicing anthropologist were male and had little access to working with women in other societies.
______ urged anthropologist to become more sensitive to issues of power in both society and research.
Which theoretical approach argues that no knowledge is objective and all knowledge is influenced by the observer’s own culture, social position, and gender?
Anthropologist have become more sensitive to issues of voice and of power and have begun to reflect more critically on their role as observer in another culture primarily as a result of ___.
An anthropologist wants to study the lifestyles of manual workers including their lifestyles and problems. With this work, the anthropologist aims to include the stories of subjects how were empowered to fight for better working conditions. This type of anthropological work is an example of a(n) _______ ethnography.
Collaborative and engaged
Many anthropologist work with homeless people with the hope that their research will move attention own its cause. This style of anthropology is best described as ____.
Vincent Lyon-Callo’s work with homeless people stresses ______.
The structural cause of homelessness
______ seek to better the human condition, by using the knowledge they’ve gained in studying people.
According to the text, the heart of anthropological fieldwork is _____.
What is the name of the organization that maintains a statement of ethical guidelines for anthropologist?
American Anthropological Association
Informed consent involves which of the following?
Researchers explain to participants how the research data is likely to affect them.