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1

In place of the artificially controlled laboratory, anthropologist rely primarily on _____.

Ethnography and cross-cultural comparison

2

Early anthropologist who relied on travelers and missionaries for their fieldwork data were called _____.

Armchair anthropologists

3

Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor were influenced deeply by the evolutionary theories of ____.

Charles Darwin

4

Which of the following statements best describes Lewis Henry Morgan’s and Edward Tylor’s evolutionary theory?

It is the study of the history of human society from simple technology and social institutions to complex ones.

5

Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor classified small-scale societies as ____.

Savage

6

Which statement is true about Franz Boaz?

A. His theories were influenced by Darwin
B. He was the 1st Proff of anthropology in Harvard
C. He was a champion of human rights
D. He did his fieldwork in the Islands

He was a champion of human rights.

7

Applying one’s cultural standards of value, worth, and morality to another culture is called ____.

Ethnocentrism

8

Boas insisted that anthropologist must value a culture on its own terms. This idea is called ______.

Culture relativism

9

Which of the following has been a hallmark of American anthropology?

A. Ethnocentrism
B. Ethnology
C. Participant observation
D. Multiculturalism

Multiculturalism

10

How is Malinowski’s approach to the study of cultures different from Boas?

Malinowski emphasized the notion of function in society, while Boas focus on the study of history and adaptation of culture

11

The function of an institutional Review Board (IRB) is to ____.

Approve, monitor, and review all university research involving human subjects

12

______ is a fieldwork technique that involves gathering cultural data by observing people’s behavior and participating in their lives.

Participant observation

13

Despite her/his best efforts to prepare for immersion in a new culture, anthropologists will be most likely experiencing ____.

Cultural Shock

14

Which of the following is an example of an etic perspective in research?

Studying agriculture techniques by measuring the fertility of soil in laboratory samples

15

What is the primary goal of emic research?

Help outsiders understand what it means to be a member of another culture

16

Anthropological interview techniques are _____.

Highly varied and are situation specific

17

The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) is _____.

A database that provides cross-cultural data on a limited number of societies

18

The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)____.

Involve multiple perspectives and indexed data

19

Why did anthropology pay little attention to women prior to the 1970s?

The majority of practicing anthropologist were male and had little access to working with women in other societies.

20

______ urged anthropologist to become more sensitive to issues of power in both society and research.

Postmodernism

21

Which theoretical approach argues that no knowledge is objective and all knowledge is influenced by the observer’s own culture, social position, and gender?

Postmodernism

22

Anthropologist have become more sensitive to issues of voice and of power and have begun to reflect more critically on their role as observer in another culture primarily as a result of ___.

Postmodernism

23

An anthropologist wants to study the lifestyles of manual workers including their lifestyles and problems. With this work, the anthropologist aims to include the stories of subjects how were empowered to fight for better working conditions. This type of anthropological work is an example of a(n) _______ ethnography.

Collaborative and engaged

24

Many anthropologist work with homeless people with the hope that their research will move attention own its cause. This style of anthropology is best described as ____.

Engaged

25

Vincent Lyon-Callo’s work with homeless people stresses ______.

The structural cause of homelessness

26

______ seek to better the human condition, by using the knowledge they’ve gained in studying people.

Engaged anthropologist

27

According to the text, the heart of anthropological fieldwork is _____.

Participant observation

28

What is the name of the organization that maintains a statement of ethical guidelines for anthropologist?

American Anthropological Association

29

Informed consent involves which of the following?

Researchers explain to participants how the research data is likely to affect them.

30

For the academic community, a critical problem with secret research is _____.

The scientific community has no way to assess its validity