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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Political Organization Deck (50)
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1

A society’s political organization is primarily related to ____.

The degree of access individuals and groups have to basic materials resources

2

Anthropologists distinguish three patterns of social differentiation ___.

Egalitarian, rank, and stratified

3

The study of political processes focuses on ____.

Ways in which different groups within a society use power achieve goals

4

The dominance of political elite based on a close identification between their own goals and those of the larger society is called ___.

Hegemony

5

One thing that the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria as well as the Mende of Sierra Leone have in common is that ___.

In all three, women held important formal political office

6

Fear of witchcraft accusations would best be categorized as ___.

An informal mechanism of social control

7

In regulating human behavior, law ____.

Is only one among many forms of social control

8

As the anthropologist define law, it exists ____.

In all human societies

9

An important way of resolving conflict in band-level societies involves ____.

Contests between individuals

10

Which statement is most true of conflict in band-level societies?

Band-level societies minimize conflict between individuals but it does occur

11

A tribal society ____.

Imagines all of its members to be related by kinship

12

In society that is characterized by age grades, ___.

People follow a well-ordered progression through a series of age-related life stages

13

The Ojibwa coined the term okimakkan or “fake chief” when ____.

Outside governments insisted that the Ojibwa appoint a supreme leader

14

The “bigman” as a form of leadership is associated with ____.

Increasing food production and redistribution

15

During buffalo hunts, the Cheyenne maintained order by ____.

Policing by members of military societies

16

The Kpelle _____ to solve conflicts between disputing parties.

Moots

17

Which of the following do anthropologist argue as an explanation for warfare in tribal societies?

It may regulate the balance between population and resources

18

According to the text, what is the cause of Yanomamö warfare?

Attempts of individuals from one village to capture women from other villages

19

An important effect of European contact with the Yanomamö was ____.

Acquisition of firearms and increased fatalities in war

20

What statement about the Yanomamö warfare is true?

Yanomamö warfare intensified after contact with the West

21

Which statements about chiefs is most accurate?

Chief power is based on the ability to redistribute good and services

22

In ____, social ranking is based on kinship, and in ____, kinship ties do not regulate social relationships.

Chiefdoms; states

23

Compared with tribal societies, chiefdoms are likely to have ____.

Lower levels of internal violence

24

Which statements is an accurate anthropological explanation of the emergence of state-level societies?

States emerged for different reasons in different places and at different times

25

According to the conflict theory, the origin of the state can be explained by ____.

The emergence of centralization of power as a response to the emergence of an elite class that protects its power and privileges

26

What is the role of bureaucracy in a state society?

Supporting and carrying out the dictates of the elite

27

Agricultural productivity results in a surplus, which creates the opportunity for ____.

Taxation and wealth

28

In terms of political stability, state societies are ____.

Necessarily vigilant at all times for signs of threat to elite authority

29

Ethnic groups are a group of ____.

People who view themselves as sharing an identity that separates them from others in society

30

Which of the following best describes ethnic conflicts?

They are shaped by politics, economics, and history