Flashcards in Chapter 8 Stratification Deck (50)
Social stratification is the result of ____.
Unequal distribution of resources
Social stratification is most clearly defined by ____.
The distribution of goods in a society
The functionalist perspectives of social stratification holds that ___.
The whole society benefits from stratification
The view that it is necessary to pay a surgeon a large amount of money so that people will undertake the difficult training necessary to fill the position is a characteristic of _____.
Conflict theory holds that the natural condition of a society is ____.
Conflict and change
A conflict perspective on social stratification argues that ____.
Social stratification results from the constant struggle for scarce goods and services
According to Karl Marx, the basis of social stratification is based on ____.
The relationship of people to the means of production
From an anthropologist perspective, wealth is _____.
The accumulation of material resources
In pre-Communist China, one group that had very high prestige was ____.
Which of the following is a primary dimension of stratification?
An example of an achieve status is ____.
The overwhelming majority of Americans define themselves as ____.
According to the text, how many Americans were living in poverty (defined as an annual income of $24,563 or less per family of four) in 2016?
Real wealth in the United States is measured as income plus ____.
According to Katherine Newman, job loss in the United States entails not only economic decline but also a decline in ____.
Which of the following is true of caste system?
People in the same caste tend to have a similar range of occupations.
One basic rule of behavior among Indian castes is that ____.
A members of different castes do not eat together
In India, lower castes ____.
Are beginning to make collective efforts to improve their position as a group
An important change in the Indian caste system provoked by globalization is _____.
The emergence of non-caste-related occupations
The Burakumin in Japan are regarded by Japanese society as a(n) _____.
According to the text, why is skin color not biologically adequate to distinguish a group of people?
Skin color is continuum of difference
Which of the following groups would be described by anthropologist John Obgu as an “involuntary minority” in the United States?
Americans of African descent
John Ogbu, a Nigerian anthropologist, studied minority children in schools in the United States and found that ____.
Children from voluntary immigrants groups do better than children from involuntary immigrants groups
The opportunities that people have to fulfill their potential in society is known as _____.
About what percentage of the Brazilian population is composed of individuals of Africa descent?
Among Brazilian individuals of African descent, about how many identity themselves as preta (black)?
Brazilian national identity is most strongly on ____.
A mix European, African, and indigenous ancestry
Which of the following ideas was promoted by Brazilian anthropologist Gilberto Freire?
Brazilian national identity was the result of mixing people of European, African, and indigenous ancestry
Compared to the United States, differences in educational achievements by race in Brazil ____.