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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Comunication Deck (50)
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1

Animal forms of verbal communication are called

Call systems

2

A linguistic capacity to describe things that are not present is called

Displacement

3

When anthropologist say that human language is “conventional” they mean that

the words in human languages have no inherent relationship to the things they stand for

4

Human speech is infinitely productive. This means that

Human speech is deliberate and accomplishes and specific purpose

5

Charles Hockett argues that _____ and _____ were critical in the evolution of human language

blending ; duality of patterning

6

When learning language, the human instinct is to ____

Learn the language of the group in which you are socialized

7

The case of Genie shows that human children appear to be programmed to learn language instinctively before the age of ____

6 years

8

Displacement is the human ability to do which of the following?

Speak about different times and places

9

Studies of the ways in which children learn language show that _____.

Humans beings have an inborn predisposition for learning language and will speak grammatically even if not taught to do so

10

Which statement about language development is true?

Human speech must be learned through a speech community

11

A universal grammar is ____.

a set of principles, conditions, and rules that underlie all language

12

When anthropologists examine language across different cultures, they find that ____

children learn to speak at the same time in all cultures and with equal competence

13

Which concept describes a system of rules for combining words into meaningful sentences?

Syntax

14

The International Phonetic Alphabet is a means of _____

Writing all of the sounds of all human languages

15

In English, bit and pit have different meanings. Thus, the /b/ and /p/ of these words are _____

Phonemes

16

In linguistic studies, phonemes are _____

The set of sounds used in any particular language

17

Bound morphemes differ from free morphemes in which way?

The former never stand alone as complete words; the latter do

18

The English word cats has how many morphemes?

2 morphemes: cat-s

19

“The dog food under the table he fed” is not correct in English grammar. What kind of error does it contain?

Syntax

20

The relationship between language and culture is illustrated by the fact that ____

The vocabulary of language emphasizes those features of the environment that are culturally most significant

21

According to Ferdinand de Saussure, language can best be represented into language (langue) and speech (parole). The difference between language and parole is ____

Language is an arbitrary and abstract system of signs that exist independently of any speaker; speech is the actual performance of language by an individual speaker

22

Which of the following concepts is used to explain why signs for an object itself? For example, a flower is more than a flower; it is often taken as a sign for the arrival of spring and fertility

Signifier

23

Sociolinguistic is helpful to anthropologist in understanding culture because ____

People’s speech varies depending on their position in a social structure or social relationship

24

A dialect is ____

A version of language that is used by less powerful groups in society

25

A study of speech norms in the United States by Labov indicated that ____

Variation of speech patterns is most characteristic of upwardly mobile social classes

26

Linguistic view African American vernacular English (AAVE) as _____

Neither superior nor inferior to SSAE

27

Which of the following is an example of code-switching?

Conversations in which people talk to some people in one language while talking to others in a different language

28

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that ____

The vocabulary and structure of a language influence how its speakers perceive reality

29

One aspect of language that appears to contradict the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is that human languages are similar in which way?

Anything that can be said in one language can be translated into every other human language

30

A Tuareg man wears his veil at different positions on his face in different social situations. This is an example of ___

Nonverbal communication