Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety Deck (25):
0

List the 5 emotional stages?

Denial - not me
Anger - why me
Bargaining - okay, but first let me
Depression - okay, but I haven't
Acceptance - okay, I'm not afraid

1

What are the 3 types of stress

Acute stress
Delayed stress
Cumulative stress

2

Cumulative stress

Result of constant exposure to stressful situations that build up over time

3

Delayed stress reaction

Exposure to high stress situations where the symptoms my be delayed by days, weeks, months or even years

4

Acute stress reaction

High stress situations where the symptoms appear immediately

5

CISD

Critical incident stress debriefing - usually held within 24 to 72 hours of event

6

Defusing

A version of CISD held within 1 to 4 hours following a critical incident

7

Pathogens

Microorganism that are typically only visible through a microscope

8

Bacteria

Single celled organisms that have the capability of reproducing on their own within a host

9

Viruses

Smaller than bacteria, they can not grow on their own but require a host cell to reproduce

10

Fungi

Plant like microorganism that typically do not cause infections in a person a normal functioning immune system

11

Protozoa

Single celled organisms that are typically found in the soil and are able to move

12

Helminths

Parasitic worms such as roundworms, flukes and tapeworms

13

PPD

Purified Protein Derivative Tuberculin test - a yearly test for tuberculosis

14

What is Hep B, how is it contracted and what are symptoms?

A viruses that affects the liver. It can be contracted through blood and body fluids.

Symptoms - fatigue, yellow skin, dark urine

15

Hep C - HCV how is it contracted and name some symptoms?

Requires introduction through the skin by needle stick.

Symptoms- jaundice, fatigue, nausea

16

SARS -

Sever acute respiratory syndrome - found in Asia in 2003

17

What is an MCI?

Multiple casualty incident

18

What are 4 lifestyle changes that can help you deal with stress?

Take a look at your diet
Exercise more often
Learn to relax
Avoid self medication

19

List types of bacterial infections

Sinus
Ear
Strep throat
Tuberculosis
Urinary tract

20

Name several types of viruses

Common cold or flu
AIDS
HIV
Hepatitis A, B, C
Pneumonia

21

What are standard precautions?

Guidelines OSHA set for personal precautions against diseases caused by blood and other bodily fluids

22

What does cleaning mean?

Washing soiled objects with soap and water

23

What does disinfecting mean?

Includes cleaning and using a hospital grade disinfectant

24

What is sterilization?

The process that kills all microorganisms on the surface of an object