Chapter 11 - Baseline Vital Signs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Baseline Vital Signs Deck (23):
0

What base line vital signs are needed, also called signs of life?

Respiration, pulse oximetry
Pulse
Skin
Pupils
Blood pressure

1

What is a sphygmomanometer?

Blood pressure cuff

2

What are the first set of vital signs called?

Baseline vital signs

3

What are the normal respiratory rates ranges for adults, adolescents, children, infants, newborns?

Adults 8-24 per minute
Adolescents 12-20
Children 15-30
Infants 20-40
Newborns 30-60

4

What are 4 types of respiratory quality?

Normal
Shallow
Labored
Noisy

5

What is a pulse?

The pressure wave generated by the contraction of the left ventricle

6

What is tachycardia?

Heart rate over 100 bpm

7

What is bradycardia

Heart rate less than 60 bpm

8

What should the skin be checked for?

Color, temperature, condition, and capillary refill

9

What is capillary refill?

The time it takes for compresses capillaries to refill with blood

10

What are the normal rates for capillary refill for adults, children, infants, females and the elderly?

Adults, children and infants - 2 seconds
Females - 3 seconds
Elderly - 4 seconds

11

When checking a patients pupils what do you look for?

Size - dilated or constricted
Equality - pupils of the same size
Reactivity - pupils changing size in response to light

12

What is blood pressure?

The pressure that is exerted on the walls of the arteries by the blood flowing through them

13

Amount of pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries during the contraction and ejection of blood from the left ventricle

Systolic blood pressure

14

The amount of pressure on the artery walls while the ventricle is at rest

Diastolic blood pressure

15

What is pulse pressure?

The difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures

16

What are the ways to measure blood pressure

Auscultation - listening for sounds through a stethoscope
Palpation - feel for the pulse

17

What is pulse oximetry?

Method of detecting hypoxia in patients by measuring oxygen saturation levels in the blood

18

What are the normal and low ranges for pulse oximeter reading?

Normal - 97-100%
Low - 94 and below

19

What is Pulsus paradoxus?

The decrees of the pulse during inhalation of the patient

20

What is orthostatic vital signs?

When you suspect a patient of having volume loss, you take there blood pressure in a supine position and the again standing.

21

What does the mnemonic SAMPLE stand for?

S - signs and symptoms
A - allergies
M - medications
P - pertinent past history
L - last oral intake
E - events leading to injury or illness

22

What does the mnemonic OPQRST stand for?

O - onset
P - provocation/position
Q - quality
R - radiation
S - severity
T - time