Chapter 7 - Anatomy, Physiology And Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Anatomy, Physiology And Medical Terminology Deck (64):
0

What are the 7 body positions?

Supine, prone, lateral recumbent, fowler, semi fowler, trendelenburg, shock

1

What is anatomy?

Structure of the body

2

What is physiology?

Function of the body

3

Anatomical position

Standing erect, facing forward, arms 30 degrees palms forward

4

Trendelenburg position?

Laying down with feet above head

5

Shock position

Laying down with only feet higher than head

6

Sagittal plane

Divides body into right and left

7

Coronal plane

Anterior and posterior
Ventral and dorsal

8

Transverse plane

Superior and inferior
Cephlad and caudal

9

What is the front and back of the body called?

Anterior and posterior

10

What is the top and bottom of the body called?

Superior and inferior

11

Towards the front and towards the back?

Ventral and dorsal

12

Towards the middle and away from the body?

Medial and lateral

13

What is close to and away from?

Proximal and distal

14

What is the line drawn down from the middle of the clavicle?

Mid clavicle

15

What is the line down the side from the arm pits?

Midaxillary

16

What are the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet?

Palmer and plantar

17

Muscle contraction or bringing in

Flexion

18

Muscles pushing away

Extension

19

Movement away from the body

Abduction

20

What is movement towards the body

Adduction

21

Movement in a circular motion

Circumduction

22

What is pronation?

Turning forearms so the palm is turned backwards

23

What is supination?

Turning the arms so the palms are toward the front

24

Name the organs in the right upper quadrant?

Liver
Right kidney
Gallbladder
Small intestine

25

Name the organs in the left upper quadrant?

Spleen, left kidney, stomach, colon, pancreas, small intestine

26

Name the organs in the right lower quadrant?

Colon, appendix, small intestine, ovary, Fallopian tube, ureter

27

Name the organs in the left lower quadrant?

Colon, small intestine
L ureter
L ovary
L Fallopian tube

28

Name the organs in the midline area?

Bladder
Prostate
Uterus

29

What does the liver do?

Workers like a filter and produces bile

30

What does the gallbladder do?

Stores bile

31

What does the colon do?

Absorbs water and stores feces

32

What does the spleen do?

Filters blood

33

What does the pancreas do?

Creates insulin and glucagon

34

What is the ureter?

The tube from kidney to the bladder

35

What do ligaments connect to?

Bone - ligament - bone

36

What do tendons connect to?

Muscle. - tendon - bone

37

What are the functions of bones?

Support
Protection
Storage - minerals, calcium and magnesium
Hematopoesis - creation of blood cells in the bone marrow

38

Name the 6 bones in the skull?

Frontal - forehead
Temporal - 2 sides
Occipital - back
Parietal - 2 on top

39

Name the 5 facial bones

Orbits - eye socket
Nasal bone - bed of nose
Zygomatic bone - cheek bones
Maxillae - upper jaw
Mandible - lower jaw

40

Where is the zygomatic bone?

Cheek bone

41

Where is the mandible bone located?

Lower jaw bone

42

What is the maxillae bone?

Bone fused to the lower jaw

43

What is La Forte fracture?

Fracture of the facial bones

44

What is the cervical spine?

C1 thru C7
C1 atlas
C2 axis
All considered the neck

45

What is the thoracic spine?

Upper back
T1 thru T12

46

What is the lumbar spine?

Lower back
L1 thru L5

47

What is the sacral spine?

Back wall of the pelvis - 5 vertebrate that are fused together
S1 thru S5

48

What is the coccyx?

Tailbone
The last 4 vertebrate that are fused together

49

Name the 3 types of muscle?

Skeletal, smooth, cardiac

50

Pronation and supination

Pronation - turning the arm so the hand is turned toward the back
Supination - hands toward the front

51

What is automaticity?

The ability to generate an impulse on its own

52

What does the upper airway consist of?

Nose and mouth
Pharynx
Nasopharynx
Larynx

53

What does the lower airway consist of?

Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli

54

What is ventilation?

Process of moving air in and out of lungs

55

What is oxygenation?

Oxygen molecules are moved from an area of high oxygen concentration to an area of low oxygen concentration

56

What do arteries do?

Carrie blood away from the heart

57

What do veins do?

Carrie blood back to the heart

58

What is the phrenic nerve?

The nerve that controls the diaphragm and exits the spine between C3 and C5

59

What are intercostal muscles?

Muscles between the ribs

60

What is perfusion?

Delivery of oxygen, glucose, and nutrients to the cells of all organ systems and the elimination of carbon dioxide

61

What is edema?

Swelling of the tissue due to an increases in hydrostatic pressure

62

What is the main source of energy for cell metabolism?

Glucose

63

What is aerobic metabolism?

When glucose is turned into energy with oxygen