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Flashcards in Drugs Deck (31):
0

Dose and administration of activated charcoal

Adult and children 1 g per 1 kg of body weight

Orally with liquid or thru nasal tube into stomach

1

Mechanism of action and indications for activated charcoal

Absorbent, oral poisoning

2

Contraindications for activated charcoal

Has swallowed acids or alkaloids
Unable to swallow

3

Mechanism of action for albuterol

Beta 2 agonist, bronchodilator, sympathomimetic

4

Indications for albuterol

Breathing difficulty, asthma, COPD

5

Dose and administration of albuterol

Adults - 5 mg
Peds - 2.5 mg
Through nebulizer with oxygen at 6 - 8 lpm

6

Precautions for albuterol

Heart defect, cardiovascular disorder, beta blockers

7

Contra indicators for albuterol

Patient not responsive enough to use MDI or SVN
Already taken the maximum allowed dose
Tachycardia

8

Mechanism of action for aspirin

Anti inflammatory
Anti plate able

9

Indications for aspirin

Chest discomfort, angina, MI

10

Dose and administration of aspirin

160-325 mg (4 baby tablets)
Be sure patient is alert and oriented, chew and swallow
Chewing not recommended for peds

11

Contraindications for aspirin

Allergic to drugs, recent stroke, bleeding or ulcers

12

Precautions for aspirin

NSAIDS - non steroid anti inflammatory drugs

13

Mechanism of action for nitro glycerine

Vasodilator, relieves tension on vascular muscles

14

Indications for nitro glycerine

Chest pain, angina, CHF, hypertension, hypotension

15

Contraindications for nitro

Systolic below 90 or has dropped 30 from baseline
Heart rate less than 50 or more than 100 bpm
Suspected head injury
Infant or child

16

Precautions for nitro

Any ED medication
Viagra
Cialis

17

Dose and administration of nitro

0.4 mg per dose
Maximum of 3 doses
May be give 3 to 5 minutes apart

18

Dose of dextrose

25mg slow IV push, may be repeated in 10 to 15 min if BGL remains below 70

19

Drug class of albuterol

Bronchodilator

20

Dosage for albuterol

2 - 2.5 mg/3 ml

21

Drug class of aspirin

Platelet aggregation inhibitor

22

Indications for aspirin

Acute coronary syndrome and stroke

23

Drug class of d50

Carbohydrate

24

Dosage for d50

25g / 50 ml slow IV push

25

Drug class of epi

Sympathomimetic

26

Drug class for glucagon

Hormone with anti hypoglycemic action

27

Dose of glucagon

1mg mixed with sterile water

28

Drug class of naloxone

Narcotic antagonist

29

Drug class of nitrous oxide

Anesthetic

30

Dosage for nitro

0.4 mg per tablet - 5 minutes apart up to 3 tablets