Chapter 22: Depression, Dictators, and World War II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22: Depression, Dictators, and World War II Deck (36)
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31

Holocaust

The systematic killing of Jews. Factors that contributed to the Holocaust included the minority of Jewish people, propaganda, the Gestapo, which culminated into the murder of millions of Jews and abduction to death camps.

32

Japan in Asia

Roosevelt called a total embargo with Japan. The Japanese retaliated with the bombing of Pearl Harbor, which caused an angry America determined to crush Germany and Japan.

33

Grand Alliance

Roosevelt and Churchill believed that Hitler needed to be eliminated first, as he posed a major international threat with his giant empire. So Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin joined together to combat Germany and Japan.

34

War in Europe

1942-1945. Germany soon faced war on both fronts, and trapped, Hitler committed suicide and Germany was forced to surrender.

35

War in Asia

1942-1945. The US stopped the Japanese at the Battle of Midway. The United States then went "island hopping," and stopped the Japanese Pacific empire.

36

Atomic Bomb

The US had developed a frightening, new nuclear weapon. Truman told the Japanese to surrender or face the "the utter devastation" of Japan. When the Japanese ignored this, the US let down the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Japan formally surrendered in 1945.