Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (40):
This system circulates blood through the body's tissues
Fixed microphages, T cells, and B cells can be found in what area of the lymphatic system?
Acute illness due to the presence of pathogens or their toxins in the blood
Sepsis and uncontrollable decreased blood pressure
Endotoxin shock, where endotoxins cause a severe drop in blood pressure
Potent exotoxins cause toxic shock syndrome
Also called childbirth fever, transferred to mom during child birth and causes infection in uterus and abdominal cavity
Autoimmune complication that causes inflammation of the heart valve, nodules near joints, and Sydenham's chorea (involuntary movement)
Commonly contracted through tick and deer fly bites, and an ulcer is formed at the bite site
Which ethnic group is most commonly affected by brucellosis and why?
Hispanic populations consuming imported, unpasteurized milk products from Mexico.
What type of Anthrax is least deadly? (Cutaneous, Gastrointestinal, and Inhalational)
Why are hyperbaric chambers effective in treating gas gangrene?
The high levels of oxygen being dispersed into your bloodstream and reaching the affected areas (even those with a poor blood supply) speeds up healing. The oxygen can also stop some types of bacteria producing the toxins to spread, preventing further tissue damage.
Bartonella henselae, the cause of cat-scratch fever, reproduces where?
In the digestive system of fleas
The plague is caused by which microorganism?
Swollen Lymph nodes are called?
In Pneumonic plague, the bacteria is found where in the body?
Borrelia spp. is transmitted by ticks and causes high fever, jaundice, and rose colored skin spots. What is this disease called?
The most common tick borne disease in the United states
Which phase of Lyme's disease causes facial paralysis, encephalitis, irregular heartbeat, and memory loss?
the 2nd phase
This disease is transmitted by louse feces being rubbed into a bite wound , and causes a prolonged fever and small blood vessels to rupture forming a rash?
This disease is clinically indistinguishable from typhus fever but is caused by the bite of a rat flea
Endemic murine typhus
This tick borne typhus causes meals like rashes that also appear on the palms and soles of the hands and feet
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Although not a disease with an insect vector, why is Burkitt's lymphoma a disease most commonly found in malarial areas?
Because malaria suppresses the immune system response to the virus
Which of the following is NOT associated with the Epstein Barr virus?
Mono, Multiple Sclerosis, Tularemia, Hodgkin's Lymphoma,
Why is the mosquito of Aedes albopictus a special concern for temperate climates?
Aedes albopictus is one of two vectors for chikungunya fevered the warmer the earth gets because of climate change, the farther north they can spread.
Why are bed nets not effective against asian tiger mosquitos?
because unlike other mosquito breeds, they feed all day, not just at night
This disease is prevalent in tropical areas, and causes fever headache, vomiting, and liver damage. It has no treatment, but there is a vaccine?
This tropical disease has no treatment or vaccine and has two types, mild and severe
This hemorrhagic fever is transmitted from african monkeys
Lassa Fever is found in what part of the world?
How is Ebola spread?
through contact with infected body fluids
This disease can can cause a megacolon and its vector is the kissing bug
Why is treatment of Chaga's difficult?
because the trypanosomes multiply intracellularly
Why shouldn't pregnant women clean out the letterbox?
They could become infected with toxoplasmosis from the cat feces, which can result in stillbirth or neurological damage to fetuses.
Which form of malaria is the most deadly?
Eliminating which of these diseases, malaria or chana's disease, would have the greater effect of the well-being of the people of Africa
malaria, which kills 2-4 million people annually
What tick borne disease in the US is sometimes mistaken for malaria when blood smears are inspected?
Which form of leishmaniasis invades the internal organs? forms a papule that leaves a scar?
Visceral leishmaniasis (Leishmania donovoni).
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (Leishmania tropical)
What freshwater creature is essential to the lifecycle to the pathogen causing schistosomiasis?