Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

GSU Microbiology > Chapter 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (40):
1

This system circulates blood through the body's tissues

Cardiovascular system

2

Fixed microphages, T cells, and B cells can be found in what area of the lymphatic system?

Lymph nodes

3

Acute illness due to the presence of pathogens or their toxins in the blood

Septicemia

4

Sepsis and uncontrollable decreased blood pressure

Septic shock

5

Endotoxin shock, where endotoxins cause a severe drop in blood pressure

Gram-negative sepsis

6

Potent exotoxins cause toxic shock syndrome

Gram-positive sepsis

7

Also called childbirth fever, transferred to mom during child birth and causes infection in uterus and abdominal cavity

Puerperal Sepsis

8

Autoimmune complication that causes inflammation of the heart valve, nodules near joints, and Sydenham's chorea (involuntary movement)

Rheumatic Fever

9

Commonly contracted through tick and deer fly bites, and an ulcer is formed at the bite site

Tularemia

10

Which ethnic group is most commonly affected by brucellosis and why?

Hispanic populations consuming imported, unpasteurized milk products from Mexico.

11

What type of Anthrax is least deadly? (Cutaneous, Gastrointestinal, and Inhalational)

Cutaneous Anthrax

12

Why are hyperbaric chambers effective in treating gas gangrene?

The high levels of oxygen being dispersed into your bloodstream and reaching the affected areas (even those with a poor blood supply) speeds up healing. The oxygen can also stop some types of bacteria producing the toxins to spread, preventing further tissue damage.

13

Bartonella henselae, the cause of cat-scratch fever, reproduces where?

In the digestive system of fleas

14

The plague is caused by which microorganism?

Yersinia Pestis

15

Swollen Lymph nodes are called?

Buboes

16

In Pneumonic plague, the bacteria is found where in the body?

the lungs

17

Borrelia spp. is transmitted by ticks and causes high fever, jaundice, and rose colored skin spots. What is this disease called?

Relapsing fever

18

The most common tick borne disease in the United states

Lymes disease

19

Which phase of Lyme's disease causes facial paralysis, encephalitis, irregular heartbeat, and memory loss?

the 2nd phase

20

This disease is transmitted by louse feces being rubbed into a bite wound , and causes a prolonged fever and small blood vessels to rupture forming a rash?

Typhus

21

This disease is clinically indistinguishable from typhus fever but is caused by the bite of a rat flea

Endemic murine typhus

22

This tick borne typhus causes meals like rashes that also appear on the palms and soles of the hands and feet

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

23

Although not a disease with an insect vector, why is Burkitt's lymphoma a disease most commonly found in malarial areas?

Because malaria suppresses the immune system response to the virus

24

Which of the following is NOT associated with the Epstein Barr virus?
Mono, Multiple Sclerosis, Tularemia, Hodgkin's Lymphoma,

Tularemia

25

Why is the mosquito of Aedes albopictus a special concern for temperate climates?

Aedes albopictus is one of two vectors for chikungunya fevered the warmer the earth gets because of climate change, the farther north they can spread.

26

Why are bed nets not effective against asian tiger mosquitos?

because unlike other mosquito breeds, they feed all day, not just at night

27

This disease is prevalent in tropical areas, and causes fever headache, vomiting, and liver damage. It has no treatment, but there is a vaccine?

Yellow Fever

28

This tropical disease has no treatment or vaccine and has two types, mild and severe

Dengue

29

This hemorrhagic fever is transmitted from african monkeys

Marburg Virus

30

Lassa Fever is found in what part of the world?

West Africa

31

How is Ebola spread?

through contact with infected body fluids

32

This disease can can cause a megacolon and its vector is the kissing bug

Chaga's disease

33

Why is treatment of Chaga's difficult?

because the trypanosomes multiply intracellularly

34

Why shouldn't pregnant women clean out the letterbox?

They could become infected with toxoplasmosis from the cat feces, which can result in stillbirth or neurological damage to fetuses.

35

Which form of malaria is the most deadly?

Plasmodium falciparum

36

Eliminating which of these diseases, malaria or chana's disease, would have the greater effect of the well-being of the people of Africa

malaria, which kills 2-4 million people annually

37

What tick borne disease in the US is sometimes mistaken for malaria when blood smears are inspected?

Babesiosis

38

Which form of leishmaniasis invades the internal organs? forms a papule that leaves a scar?

Visceral leishmaniasis (Leishmania donovoni).
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (Leishmania tropical)

39

What freshwater creature is essential to the lifecycle to the pathogen causing schistosomiasis?

Snails

40

What are the clinical features of Kawasaki syndrome?

High fever, widespread rash, hand and feet swelling, and swollen lymph glands