Chapter 5 : Microbial Metabolism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 : Microbial Metabolism Deck (6):
1

Metabolism

the sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism

2

catabolism

enzyme regulated chemical reactions that release energy and breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones; termed catabolic, degradative, generally hydrolytic and exergonic

3

anabolism

enzyme regulated energy-requiring reactions that build complex organic molecules from simpler ones; termed anabolic, biosynthetic; generally dehydration snythesis and endergonic

4

hydrolytic reaction

reactions which use water in which chemical bonds are broken

5

catalyst

substance that speeds up a reaction without being permanently altered

6

enzymes

very specific biological catalysts only working on the specific enzyme's substrate, that catalyze reactions without increasing temperature