Chapter 23: Resistance Training for Clients Who Are Athletes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23: Resistance Training for Clients Who Are Athletes Deck (13)
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1

Overload Principle

The overload principle is based on the concept that the athlete must adapt to the demands of greater physiological challenges to the neuromuscular system.(NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

2

Macrocycle

The largest division, which typically constitutes an entire training year but may also be a period of up to four years. (NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

3

Mesocycle

Macrocycles typically comprise two or more mesocycles divided into several weeks to a few months. (NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

4

Microcycles

Each mesocycle is divided into microcycles that can range from one week to four weeks, which include daily and weekly training variations. (NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

5

Periodization

The systematic process of planned variations in a resistance training program over a training cycle. (NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

6

Specificity

Refers to the fact that specific methods of training produce specific changes or results. (NSCA CPT, pg. 608)

7

Hypertrophy Phase goal

To develop a muscular and metabolic base for more intense future training using a resistance training program that includes sport-specific or non-sport- specific exercises performed at a high volume and a low intensity. (NSCA CPT, pg. 609)

8

Strength Phase goal

To increase maximal muscle force by following a resistance training pro- gram that focuses on sport-specific exercises of moderate volume and intensity. (NSCA CPT, pg. 609)

9

Strength/Power Phase goal

To increase the speed of force development and power by integrating sport-specific power/explosive exercises of low volume and high intensity. (NSCA CPT, pg. 609)

10

Competition or Peaking Phase goal

To attain peak strength and power by performing a very high-intensity and very low-volume sport-specific resistance training program. (NSCA CPT, pg. 609)

11

Active Rest Phase goal

To allow physiological and mental recovery through limited low-volume and low-intensity resistance training or the performance of physical activities unrelated to one’s sport. (NSCA CPT, pg. 609)

12

Linear Periodization Model

Weekly fluctuations in the core exercises occur such that the repetition maximum level (RM) training (i.e., 100% of the assigned training load) is performed on one day (referred to as the heavy day). (NSCA CPT, pg. 610)

13

Nonlinear Periodization Model

A nonlinear periodization model varies the intensity (load) and volume of the core exercises throughout the week. (NSCA CPT, pg. 612)