Chapter 8: Exercise Psychology for the Personal Trainer Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: Exercise Psychology for the Personal Trainer Deck (40)
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1

State Anxiety

The actual experience of anxiety, characterized by feelings of apprehension or nervousness, that is accompanied by an increased physiological arousal.(NSCA CPT, pg. 144)

2

Trait Anxiety

The potential perception or probability that a certain situation will cause anxiety. (NSCA CPT, pg. 144)

3

Goal Setting

A strategy for increasing the level of participation or causing a behavioral change. (NSCA CPT, pg. 149)

4

Feedback

The knowledge of results or awareness of success or failure. (NSCA CPT, pg. 150)

5

Short-term Goal

An attainable step that brings the client closer to reaching a long-term goal. (NSCA CPT, pg. 150)

6

Long-term Goal

A strategy of sequencing and combining short-term goals to reach the client’s primary outcome. (NSCA CPT, pg. 150)

7

Self-efficacy

A perceived self-confidence in one’s own ability to perform specific actions (e.g., reach a short-term goal) that lead to a successful outcome. (NSCA CPT, pg. 151)

8

Process Goals

A goal that is gauged by the amount or quality of effort during an activity (e.g., the desire to demonstrate perfect exercise technique). (NSCA CPT, pg. 151)

9

Outcome Goals

A goal that is gauged by social comparison (e.g., the desire to beat an opponent).
(NSCA CPT, pg. 151)

10

Performance Goals

A goal that is gauged by a self- referenced personal performance standard (e.g., client’s desire to beat his own record).
(NSCA CPT, pg. 151)

11

Motivation

A psychological construct that influences behavior, commitment, attitude, and the desire to exercise. (NSCA CPT, pg. 153)

12

Construct

A neural process that cannot be directly observed but must be indirectly inferred through the observation of behavior. (NSCA CPT, pg. 153)

13

Target Behavior

A behavior that is the focus for change or improvement; also called an operant. (NSCA CPT, pg. 154)

14

Reinforcement

Any act, object, or event that increases the likelihood of future target behavior (when the reinforcement follows the target behavior).(NSCA CPT, pg. 154)

15

Punishment

Any act, object, or event that decreases the likelihood of future target behavior (when the punishment follows that behavior). (NSCA CPT, pg. 154)

16

Self-determination

A desire to participate in an activity for self-fulfillment as opposed to a desire to meet the expectations of others. (NSCA CPT, pg. 154)

17

A-motivation

The client has a total lack of intrinsic or extrinsic motivation.
(NSCA CPT, pg. 155)

18

External Regulation

The client engages in behavior to avoid punishment, not for personal satisfaction. (NSCA CPT, pg. 155)

19

Introjected Regulation

The client views exercise and training behavior as a means to a valued end (e.g., getting into correct starting position for resistance training exercise is partly internalized to please the personal trainer). (NSCA CPT, pg. 155)

20

Identified Regulation

The client accepts the personal trainer’s instructions as beneficial but primarily follows the leadership of the personal trainer instead of initiating exercise behavior. (NSCA CPT, pg. 155)

21

Integrated Regulation

The client personally values exercise behavior, internalizes it, and freely engages in it; the client and the personal trainer agree on the goals for the client.(NSCA CPT, pg. 155)

22

Stage of Readiness

The degree or extent to which a client is ready to begin an exercise program. (NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

23

Pre-contemplation Stage

The person does not intend to increase physical activity and is not thinking about becoming physically active. (NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

24

Contemplation Stage

The person intends to increase physical activity and is giving it a thought now and then, but is not yet physically active. (NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

25

Preperation Stage

The person is engaging in some activity, accumulating at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity at least one day per week, but not on most days of the week. (NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

26

Action Stage

The person is accumulating at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on five or more days of the week, but has done so for less than six months.(NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

27

Maintenance Stage

The person is accumulating at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on five or more days of the week, and has been doing so for six months or more. (NSCA CPT, pg. 156)

28

Visualization

The ability of the brain to draw and recall mental images that can create positive emotional responses and improve motivation. (NSCA CPT, pg. 159)

29

SMART goal

Specific, measurable, action oriented, realistic, time bound. (NSCA CPT, pg. 153)

30

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement means giving something to the subject when they perform the desired action so they associate the action with the reward and do it more often. The reward is a reinforcing stimulus. (NSCA CPT, pg. 154)