Chapter 12: Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises Flashcards Preview

NSCA CPT Exam Study > Chapter 12: Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12: Flexibility, Body Weight, and Stability Ball Exercises Deck (14)
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1

Flexibility

The ability of a joint to move through an optimum range of motion (ROM). (NSCA CPT, pg. 270)

2

Hyperlaxity

Condition that allows the joints of the body to achieve a range of motion that exceeds the normal range of motion. (NSCA CPT, pg. 271)

3

Elasticity

The ability of a muscle fiber to return to original resting length after a passive stretch. (NSCA CPT, pg. 272)

4

Plasticity

The tendency of a muscle to assume a new and greater length after a passive stretch even after the load is removed. (NSCA CPT, pg. 272)

5

Static Stretching

Stretching performed at a slow constant speed, with the end position held for 30 seconds. A static stretch includes the relaxation and simultaneous lengthening of the stretched muscle. (NSCA CPT, pg. 273)

6

Ballistic Stretching

A rapid, jerky movement in which the body part is put into motion and momentum carries it through the range of motion until the muscles are stretched to the limits. (NSCA CPT, pg. 273)

7

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)

A type of stretching that involves a partner and both passive movement and active (concentric and isometric) muscle actions. (NSCA CPT, pg. 274)

8

Dynamic Stretching

Similar to ballistic stretching in that it utilizes speed of movement, but dynamic stretching avoids bouncing and includes movements specific to a sport or movement pattern. (NSCA CPT, pg. 275)

9

Passive Warm-up

A type of warm-up that involves receiving external warmth or tissue manipulation (e.g., hot shower, heating pad, or massage). (NSCA CPT, pg. 278)

10

General Warn-up

A type of warm-up that involves performing basic activities requiring movement of the major muscle groups (e.g., jogging, cycling, or jumping rope). (NSCA CPT, pg. 278)

11

Specific Warm-up

A type of warm-up in which movements are performed that mimic the sport or activity (e.g., slow jogging before running or lift- ing light loads on the bench press before lifting training loads). (NSCA CPT, pg. 278)

12

Body Weight Exercises

Resistance training in which the client uses his own body weight as the form of resistance. (NSCA CPT, pg. 279)

13

Types of Flexibility Training

Ballistic, Static, PNF. (NSCA CPT, pg. 272)

14

Types of Warm-up Methods

Passive, General, Specific (NSCA CPT, pg. 278)