Flashcards in Chapter 25 Deck (161)
The selective intake of food?
Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable by the body?
Uptake of nutrient molecules into cells?
Absorbing water and consolidating the residue into feces?
Elimination of feces?
The digestive tract has two anatomical subdivisions what are they?
Digestive tract and accessory organs
The muscular tube extending from mouth to anus?
The teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, etc.?
There are four tissue layers what are they?
Serosa (visceral peritoneum)
Lining of the digestive tract that secrete and absorbs?
Stratified squamous or simple Columnar?
Loose connective tissue layer?/
Smooth muscles That tense the mucosa?
Thick layer of loose connective tissue containing blood vessels, lymph vessels, glands?
Nerve fibers that control movement of the muscularis mucosa and glands?
Muscles the contract to propel residue through the digestive tract?
There are two types of muscularis externa what are they?
Circular muscle and longitudinal muscle
Myenteric plexus which is nerve fibers the control peristalsis
Thin layer of areola tissue and simple squamous?
Serosa or (visceral peritoneum)
Covers the external surfaces of most digestive organs?
Serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity?
Connective tissue that loosely suspends the organs from the body?
Two layered membrane extending from the body wall to digestive organs, then separates and passes around organs forming serosa?
Mesentery from the liver to the stomach?
Mesentery that hangs from the stomach and loosely covers the small intestine?
The greater omentum
Mesentery that anchors the colon to the posterior abdominal wall?
What are the six structures of the mouth?
Cheeks and lips
Extrinsic salivary glands
Anatomy of the digestive system (Gastrointestinal or G.I. tract)
Ingestion of food, taste, chewing, speech, etc.?
Retains food, articulate speech, suck and blow?
Cheeks and lips
Manipulates and tastes food?
The site of taste buds?
The median fold attaching the tongue to mouth?