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Flashcards in Chapter 33 Deck (10)
1

Globalization

The economic, political, and cultural integration and interaction of all parts of the world brought about by increasing trade, travel, and technology.

2

World Trade Organization (WTO)

An international body established in 1995 to foster and bring order to international trade

3

Weapons of mass destruction

Nuclear, chemical, and biological devices that are capable of injuring and killing large numbers of people

4

Terrorism

Political belief that extreme and seemingly random violence will destabilize a government and permit the terrorists to gain political advantage. Though an old technique, terrorism gained prominence in the late twentieth century with the growth of worldwide mass media that, through their news coverage, amplified public fears of terrorist acts.

5

Usama bin Laden

Saudi-born Muslim extremist who funded the al-Qaeda organization that was responsible for several terrorist attacks, including those on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001.

6

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

A 1948 United Nations covenant binding signatory nations to the observance of specified rights

7

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

Nonprofit international organizations devoted to investigating human rights abuses and providing humanitarian relief. Two NGOs won the Nobel Peace Prize in the 1990s: International Campaign to Ban Landmines(1997) and Doctors Without Borders (1999).

8

Cultural Imperialism

Domination of one culture over another by a deliberate policy or by economic or technological superiority

9

global pop culture

Popular cultural practices and institutions that have been adopted internationally, such as music, the Internet, television, food, and fashion.

10

global elite culture

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the attitudes and outlook of well-educated,prosperous, Western-oriented people around the world, largely expressed in European languages, especially English.