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Flashcards in Chapter 25 Deck (17)
1

Zulu

A people of modern South Africa whom King Shaka united

2

Sokoto Caliphate

A large Muslim state founded in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria

3

Modernization

Process of reforming political, military, economic, social, cultural traditions in imitations of the early success of Western societies

4

Muhammad Ali

Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early nineteenth century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor but had imperial ambitions.

5

"Legitimate" Trade

Exports from Africa in the nineteenth century that did not include the newly outlawed slave trade

6

Recaptives

Africans rescued by Britain's Royal Navy from the illegal slave trade of the nineteenth century and restored to free status

7

Nawab

A Muslim prince allied to British India; technically, a semi-autonomous deputy of the Mughal emperor

8

Sepoy

A soldier in South Asia, especially in the service of the British

9

British Raj

The rule over much of South Asia between 1765 and 1947 by the East India Company and then by a British government

10

Sepoy Rebellion

The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny

11

Durbar

An elaborate display of political power and wealth in British India in the nineteenth century, ostensibly in imitation of the pageantry of the Mughal Empire

12

Indian Civil Service

The elite professional class of officials who administered the government of British India. originally composed exclusively of well-educated British men, it gradually added qualified Indians

13

Indian National Congress

A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government

14

Great Trek

Aided by African servants, the ox-drawn wagons of the Afrikaners struggled over the Drakensberg Mountains to the high plains in an effort to escape British control

15

Clipper Ship

a large, fast, streamlined sailing vessel, often American built in mid-to-late nineteenth century

16

New Zealand Sheep Farming

Government policies made land available at low cost to European settlers, a skill to insecticide parasites

17

Contract of Indenture

A voluntary agreement binding person to work for a specified period of years