Chapter 6 first Half Why Me Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 first Half Why Me Deck (21):
1

Perception

The process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events

2

Selective attention

The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect

3

Cocktail party affect

The ability to attend to only one voice among many

4

In-attentional blindness

Failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere

5

Change blindness

After a brief visual interruption, you fail to motive changes in visual field

6

Change deafness

Fail to notice slight changes in our auditory field (switching when asking for directions)

7

Choice blindness

Ways in which people are blind to their own choices and preferences, fail to notice our selection of particular stimulus is wrong

8

Choice-blindness-blindness

Insisting that they should notice, blindness to the phenomenon

9

Pop-out phenomenon

When a strikingly distinct stimulus stands out and demands our attention, no choice to look or not

10

Illusions

Reveal the ways we normally organize and interpret out sensations, a perception of visual stimuli (optical illusion) that represents what is perceived in a way different from reality

11

Visual capture

The tendency for vision to dominate the other senses

12

Gestalt

An organized whole, psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes

13

Figure-ground

The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure) that stand out from there surroundings (the ground)

14

Grouping

The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

15

Proximity

We group nearby figures together

16

Similarity

We group figures that are similar to each other

17

Continuity

We perceive smooth, and continuous patterns rather than discontinuous ones

18

Connectedness

Because they are uniform and linked, we perceive the two dots and the line between as a single unit

19

Closure

We fill gaps to create a complete whole object

20

Depth perception

The ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two dimensional; allows us to judge distance

21

Visual cliff

A laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals