Chapter 8 Beanis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Beanis Deck (25):
1

Learning

a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to experience

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Associative learning

learning that certain events occur together

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Classical conditioning

learning process in which a NS becomes associated with meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response

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Behaviorism

the view that psychology (1) should be objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes

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Ivan Pavlov

Russian physiologist (studied digestive system of dogs)

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Unconditioned stimulus (US)

produces a response without prior learning

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Unconditioned response (UR)

unlearned response that is automatically associated with the US

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Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

previously the NS that elicits the conditioned response after being paired with the US

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Neutral Stimulus (NS)

stimulus that does not elicit any response

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Conditioned Response (CR)

learned response to the conditioned stimulus (CS)

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Acquisition

the pairing of the unconditional stimulus (US) and the neutral stimulus (NS) comes to elicit the conditioned response (CR)

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Extinction

the diminishing of a conditioned response (CR); occur in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus

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Spontaneous Recovery

the conditioned response (CR) can appear without further condition

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Generalization

the tendency of a new stimulus that is similar to the original stimulus to elicit a response that is similar to the conditioned response (CR)

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Discrimination

learning to respond to certain stimuli and not others

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Taste Aversion

acquisition only takes one time because the response is so strong

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Operant Conditioning

a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher

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Respondent Behavior

behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus

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Operant Behavior

behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequence

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BF Skinner

behaviorism's most influential and controversial figure (studied rats)

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Edward L. Thorndike

created the Law of Effect

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Law of Effect

rewarded behavior is likely to recur

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Shaping

an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcement guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the deserved behavior

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Operant Chamber (Skinner Box)

a chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animals rate of bar pressing or key pecking. (used in operant conditioning research)

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John Garcia

coined the term/study of taste aversion (studied with rats and sugar water)