Chapter 18 Second Half, Week From Hell Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Second Half, Week From Hell Deck (21):
1

In group

What people refer to as "us" - people with whom they share a common identity

2

Out group

What people refer to as "them" - those perceived as different or apart from one's in group

3

In group bias

The tendency to favor one's own group

4

Scapegoat theory

The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame

5

Just world phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get

6

Aggression

Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy

7

Frustration aggression principle

The principle that frustration caused by a blocked attempt to achieve a goal creates anger, which can generate aggression

8

Conflict

A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas

9

Social trap

A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior

10

Mere exposure effect

The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of the stimuli

11

Passionate love

An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another person, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship

12

Companionate love

The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined

13

Equity

A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it

14

Self disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others

15

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

16

Bystander effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present

17

Social exchange theory

The theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs

18

Reciprocity norm

An expectation that people will help, not harm, the people who have previously helped them

19

Social responsibility norm

An expectation that people will help those dependent upon them; the idea that people should help those who need help, such as children and the elderly

20

Superordinate goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation

21

Grit

A strategy designed to decrease international tensions: Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension-Reduction