Chapter 6 - Fitness Assessment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Fitness Assessment Deck (49)
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1

Info Provided by a Fitness Assessment

Subjective and Objective Information

2

Subjective Information

General Personal and Medical History
-occupation, lifestyle, medical background, etc.

3

Objective Information

-Physiological Measurement (BP, HR)
-Anthropometric Assessments (Ht, wt, BF%, circumference measurements)
-Cardiorespiratory assessments
-Posture assessments
-Movement assessments
-performance assessments

4

Radial Pulse

Preferred Method to check HR
-two fingers gently under thumb

5

Carotid Pulse

Two fingers on neck just to the side of the larynx

6

Target HR Training Zones

-Zone 1: Builds aerobic base and aids in recovery
-Zone 2: Increases aerobic and anaerobic endurance
-Zone 3: Builds high-end work capacity

7

Two Ways to Calculate THR

-Straight percentage method (peak maximal HR)
-HR Reserve Method (HRR Method) AKA Karvonen Method

8

Straight Percentage Method

-Estimate HRmax (220-age)
-Multiply by appropriate intensity (65-95%) at which client should work to calculate THR

9

Straight Percentage Method Zones

Zone 1: HRmax X .65-.75
Zone 2: HRmax X .76-.85
Zone 3: HRmax X .86-.95

10

HRR Method (Karvonen Method)

A method of establishing training intensity on the basis of the difference between a client's predicted HRmax and their resting HR

THR = [(HRmax - HRrest) X Desired Intensity] + HRrest

11

Blood Pressure

The pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels after blood is ejected from the heart
-Systolic BP
-Diastolic BP

12

Systolic BP

The pressure within the arterial system after that heart contracts

13

Diastolic BP

The pressure within the arterial system when the heart is resting and filling with blood

14

Acceptable BP

Systolic/Diastolic
> 120/80

15

Body Composition

The relative percentage of body weight that is fat versus fat-free tissue (Percent Body Fat)

16

Body Composition Assessments

-Skinfold measurement using a caliper
-Bioelectrical Impedance sends electrical current through body
-Underwater (hydrostatic weighing)

17

Durning-Womersley Formula

Calculates a client's percentage of BF, uses four site of skinfold measurements
-Biceps, triceps, subscapular, iliac crest
-Add the totals of the fours sites and use the Durnin-Womersely Body Fat Percentage Calculation Table

18

Formula for Calculating Fat Mass

Fat Mass = BF% X Scale Weight

19

Formula for Calculating Lean Body Mass

Lean Body Mass = Scale Weight - Fat Mass

20

Circumference Measurements

A measure of the girth of the body segments
-Neck
-Chest
-Waist
-Hips
-Thighs
-Calves
-Biceps

21

Waist-to-Hip Ratio

Computed by dividing waist measurement by the hip measurement

22

Waist-to-Hip Ratio
-Waist 30 inches, Hips 40 inches

30/40 = .75

23

At Risk Waist-to-Hip Ratios

Women: >.80
Men: >.95

24

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A rough assessment based on the concept that a person's weight should be proportional to their height

25

BMI Formulas

BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m^2)

BMI = [Weight (lbs) / Height (in^2)] X 703

26

At Risk BMI

25 or greater

27

Maximal Oxygen Uptake

VO2max

28

Two Submaximal Tests for Assessing Cardiorespiratory Efficiency

YMCA 3-Minute Step Test
Rockport Walk Test

29

YMCA 3-Minute Step Test

-Step 1: Have a client perform 96 steps per minute on a 12-inch step for 3 minutes
-Step 2: Measure HR
-Step 3: Locate pulse on table
-Step 4: Determine appropriate starting program using appropriate category
-Step 5: Take HRmax and determine HR ranges for each zone

30

Rockport Walk Test

-Step 1: Record clients weight and have client walk 1 mile as fast as possible, record time and client's HR
-Step 2: Use formula to determine oxygen consumption (VO2) score and locate score on table
-Step 3: Determine appropriate starting program using appropriate category
-Step 4: Take HRmax and determine HR ranges for each zone